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Tuberculosis (TB) persists as a public health problem in Iran. Characterization of Mycobacterium tuberculosis isolates circulating in this area will contribute to understand and control the spread of the strains. The aims of this study were to understand the genetic diversity and drug susceptibility of M. tuberculosis isolates circulating in Iran and to(More)
BACKGROUND Alkyl hydroperoxide reductase (AhpC) of Helicobacter pylori is considered as a diagnostic antigen. Therefore, this antigen can be used to detect H. pylori infection by stool immunoassays such as ELISA. The aim of this study was to simplify the AhpC protein purification procedures. METHODS For whole cell protein extraction, the bacterial cells(More)
BACKGROUND Helicobacter pylori isolates from 84 adults and 51 children were assessed during the period of 2001 through 2004 to find out whether their susceptibilities to metronidazole, clarithromycin, amoxicillin, tetracycline, and furazolidone differ between the two groups or have changed compared with the results from our previous study done between 1997(More)
H. pylori infection of the stomach is widespread among human populations including Iranians and is considered to play a major role in the pathogenesis of gastric diseases such as peptic ulcer, adenocarcinoma, and MALT lymphoma. The association between H. pylorivirulence markers and disease has been studied in other populations around the world. The aim of(More)
The bacterium Helicobacter pylori colonizes the human stomach, with individual infections persisting for decades. The spread of the bacterium has been shown to reflect both ancient and recent human migrations. We have sequenced housekeeping genes from H. pylori isolated from 147 Iranians with well-characterized geographical and ethnic origins sampled(More)
BACKGROUND Non-antifungal drugs appear promising in treatment of opportunistic infections of Candida spp. that are often resistant to current antifungals. METHODS The broth macrodilution method (NCCLS M27-P document) was used to compare the antifungal activity of trifluoperazine, propranolol, and lansoprazole with that of ketoconazole and amphotericin B,(More)
BACKGROUND Antimicrobials have been useful in the treatment of H. pylori-related dyspeptic diseases. However, emergence of resistant strains often decreases the eradication rates of H. pylori infections. Large-scale use of antimicrobials will lead to the diminishment of susceptible strains while allowing resistant survivors to outgrow and spread resistance(More)
The occurrence of strains resistant to metronidazole is causing failure of the 4-drug regimen for eradication of Helicobacter pylori in the Islamic Republic of Iran. This study compared the in vitro efficacy of furazolidone with metronidazole, clarithromycin, amoxicillin and tetracycline in 70 H. pylori isolates from dyspeptic patients. Of the isolates, 33%(More)
BACKGROUND Management of Helicobacter pylori, a causative agent of gastrointestinal diseases is an important health problem in most countries. The main reasons include poorly defined epidemiological status and unrecognized mode of bacterial transmission. Our objective was to investigate the prevalence of H. pylori infection in a representative population of(More)