Farideh Nejat

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OBJECTIVE Spinal dermal sinus tract (DST) is a rare entity which usually comes to clinical attention by cutaneous abnormalities, neurologic deficit, and/or infection. We performed this study to assess presentation patterns, associated anomalies, radiologic, urologic, and surgical findings in children afflicted with spinal DST. METHODS Medical records of(More)
BACKGROUND Meningeal melanocytoma is a rare, benign melanotic tumor of the leptomeninges, which occurs anywhere in the cranial or spinal regions but most commonly in supratentorial and thoracic spine regions. The literature on this entity consists of case reports; therefore, there is no agreement on the most effective therapy of this tumor, although total(More)
Intracranial tumors are the most common solid tumors in children. The infratentorial compartment will be the primary site for 60% to 70% of these tumors, including astrocytomas, medulloblastomas, and ependymomas. Several technological advancements have increased our knowledge of the cell biology of pediatric brain tumors, facilitated earlier diagnosis, and(More)
OBJECT The purpose of this study was to compare the efficacy of the prophylactic use of ceftriaxone for the prevention of meningitis in patients with acute traumatic pneumocephalus. METHODS In this prospective, single-institution, randomized clinical trial, 109 patients with mild head injury and traumatic pneumocephalus were randomly assigned to receive(More)
OBJECT Few reports describe the outcome and prognostic factors for children with gangliogliomas. The objective of this report was to describe the progression-free survival (PFS) for children with low-grade gangliogliomas and identify risk factors for tumor progression. METHODS A retrospective study was performed in children with low-grade gangliogliomas(More)
OBJECT A myelomeningocele (MMC) can be associated with paraplegia, bladder and bowel incontinence, Chiari malformation Type II, and hydrocephalus. The coincidence of an MMC and a neoplasm is rare, and only limited reports on the concurrence of a teratoma within an MMC have been published. METHODS A retrospective study was performed using the records of(More)
Encephalocele is a cystic congenital malformation in which central nervous system structures herniate through a defect in the cranium. The coincidence of encephalocele and neoplasm is a very rare condition. The authors present the case of a 5-month-old girl who underwent surgery for encephalocele and whose postoperative histopathological assessment revealed(More)
Migration of the proximal and distal catheters of the ventriculoperitoneal shunt is a very rare event. Here, we report two infants with hydrocephalus and ventriculoperitoneal shunt who presented later with shunt coiling and migration. The first infant was admitted with scalp swelling around proximal incision 3 months after shunt insertion and migration and(More)
OBJECT There has been controversy over whether CSF shunt insertion simultaneously with repair of myelomeningocele (MMC) might increase shunt-related complications. The purpose of this study was to evaluate shunt complication rates in patients who underwent concurrent MMC surgery and shunt placement and compare them to the rates in patients treated with(More)
Occipitocervical teratoma is an extremely rare condition, and only a few cases have been reported. The authors report on a neonate who harbored a ruptured posterior midline occipitocervical lesion that mimicked an upper cervical myelomeningocele, although the pathological findings were diagnostic of teratoma.