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OBJECT Few reports describe the outcome and prognostic factors for children with gangliogliomas. The objective of this report was to describe the progression-free survival (PFS) for children with low-grade gangliogliomas and identify risk factors for tumor progression. METHODS A retrospective study was performed in children with low-grade gangliogliomas(More)
OBJECTIVE Subdural rhabdomyosarcoma is very rare, and even more unusual is the association between these sarcomas and chronic subdural hematoma. In this report, we present a case of subdural rhabdomyosarcoma that developed in a chronic refractory subdural hematoma. CLINICAL PRESENTATION A 40-day-old boy was admitted with coma and intractable seizure after(More)
BACKGROUND Congenital brain tumors are very rare. We review these tumors in patients younger than 2 months diagnosed in our Department. METHODS Seven congenital brain tumors were diagnosed during 5 years. Clinical and radiological findings and prognosis were analyzed. RESULTS The study included 5 female and two male infants. Two cases were diagnosed(More)
INTRODUCTION Encephalocele is a rare congenital abnormality of the central nervous system, where brain tissue protrudes from a defect in the skull. Some anomalies are associated with encephalocele. However, the association of spinal teratoma and encephalocele has not been reported in the English literature. CASE PRESENTATION We report the case of an(More)
OBJECTIVE Exophytic gliomas of the medulla are rare childhood tumors that mostly are pilocytic astrocytomas. Here we report our experience in 11 -children with this rare tumor. METHODS A retrospective study was performed using the records of children with exophytic gliomas of the medulla at Children's Hospital Medical Center in Tehran, Iran, from 2002(More)
The Ullrich-Turner syndrome (complete or partial X-chromosome monosomy) has been found to be associated with an increased rate of some extragonadal neoplasms. Sporadic reports of the Turner syndrome with various brain tumors, including few cases of glioblastoma multiforme, have been found in the literature. However, published data are insufficient to(More)
INTRODUCTION To the best of our knowledge, the association between air travel and intra-tumoral hemorrhage in pediatric populations has never been described previously. CASE PRESENTATION We report the case of a two-and-a-half-year-old Caucasian, Iranian boy with a hemorrhaging brain tumor. He had a posterior fossa midline mass and severe hydrocephalus. He(More)
OBJECTIVES To evaluate safety and efficacy of transcutaneous interferential (IF) electrostimulation on voiding symptoms and urodynamic variables in children with myelomeningocele (MMC)-induced refractory neurogenic detrusor overactivity. METHODS Thirty MMC children (18 girls, 12 boys; mean age 5.6 +/- 2.7) with moderate to severe intractable incontinency,(More)
OBJECT The purpose of this study was to compare the efficacy of the prophylactic use of ceftriaxone for the prevention of meningitis in patients with acute traumatic pneumocephalus. METHODS In this prospective, single-institution, randomized clinical trial, 109 patients with mild head injury and traumatic pneumocephalus were randomly assigned to receive(More)
Intracranial tumors are the most common solid tumors in children. The infratentorial compartment will be the primary site for 60% to 70% of these tumors, including astrocytomas, medulloblastomas, and ependymomas. Several technological advancements have increased our knowledge of the cell biology of pediatric brain tumors, facilitated earlier diagnosis, and(More)