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Immunodeficient mice are increasingly used to assay human hematopoietic repopulating cells as well as leukemia-initiating cells. One method commonly used to isolate these rare cells is to sort cells stained with fluorochrome-conjugated antibodies into fractions, then transplant the different fractions into immunodeficient mice to test their repopulating(More)
Leukemia-initiating cells (LICs) in acute myeloid leukemia (AML) are believed to be restricted to the CD34(+) fraction. However, one of the most frequently mutated genes in AML is nucleophosmin (NPM), and this is associated with low CD34 expression. We, therefore, investigated whether NPM-mutated AMLs have LICs restricted to the CD34(+) fraction. We(More)
OBJECTIVE Patients with acromegaly are at increased risk of developing colorectal carcinoma and premalignant tubulovillous adenoma. The pathogenesis of these neoplasms could involve a stimulatory effect of serum growth factors on colonic epithelial cell proliferation. The aim of this study was to evaluate changes in (1) serum IGF-I, IGF-II, IGFBP-3 and(More)
Chronic inflammation is characterised by modifications in cytokine concentrations, whereas growth is mainly dependent on the GH-IGF axis. IGF-I bioavailability is modulated by a family of IGF-binding proteins (IGFBPs). The aim of the present study was to evaluate the interactions among interleukin-1beta (IL-1beta), IL-6 and IGFBP secretion by intestinal(More)
Measurement of the insulin-like growth factors (IGFs) and their binding proteins has become commonplace in the indirect assessment of the integrity of the GH axis. However, the relative effect of GH deficiency (GHD) on each component of the IGF axis and the merit of any one parameter as a diagnostic test have not been defined in a homogeneous population(More)
CONTEXT Non-islet cell tumor hypoglycemia (NICTH) results from the hypersecretion of pro-IGF-II by a large, usually mesenchymal tumor. Detection of pro-IGF-II in serum is a potential tumor marker in these patients. OBJECTIVE The aim of this study was to validate a rapid and reliable method for determining serum pro-IGF-II. PATIENTS Serum samples from 16(More)
CONTEXT Patients with panhypopituitarism have impaired quality of life (QoL) despite GH replacement. They are profoundly androgen deficient, and dehydroepiandrosterone (DHEA) has been shown to have a beneficial effect on well-being and mood in patients with adrenal failure and possibly in hypopituitarism. OBJECTIVE Our objective was to determine the(More)
Acute myeloid leukemia (AML) induces bone marrow (BM) failure in patients, predisposing them to life-threatening infections and bleeding. The mechanism by which AML mediates this complication is unknown but one widely accepted explanation is that AML depletes the BM of hematopoietic stem cells (HSCs) through displacement. We sought to investigate how AML(More)
Distinct patterns of DNA methylation characterize the epigenetic landscape of promyelocytic leukemia/retinoic acid receptor-α (PML-RARα)-associated acute promyelocytic leukemia (APL). We previously reported that the microRNAs (miRNAs) clustered on chromosome 14q32 are overexpressed only in APL. Here, using high-throughput bisulfite sequencing, we identified(More)