Learn More
BACKGROUND Matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) and tissue inhibitors of metalloproteinases (TIMPs) play a role in the processes of extracellular matrix degradation. Changes in their expression levels have been observed in various tumor types, including lung carcinoma. However, their clinical significance and their prognostic importance in the progression of(More)
Microaspiration of contaminated oropharyngeal secretions and gastric contents frequently occurs in intubated critically ill patients, and plays a major role in the pathogenesis of ventilator-associated pneumonia. Risk factors for microaspiration include impossible closure of vocal cords, longitudinal folds in high-volume low-pressure polyvinyl chloride(More)
OBJECTIVES This study sought to provide bedside evidence of the potential link between cardiac mitochondrial dysfunction and arrhythmia as reported in bench studies. BACKGROUND Atrial fibrillation (AF) is a frequent complication of cardiac surgery. Underlying mechanisms of post-operative atrial fibrillation (POAF) remain largely unknown. Because cardiac(More)
We examined whether 1,25 dihydroxyvitamin D(3) (1,25 D(3)), the active form of vitamin D involved in the regulation of the immune system, may also protect human pancreatic islet cells from destruction induced by cytokines. In this study, we specifically investigated the effect of 1,25 D(3) on oxidative stress and major histocompatibility complex (MHC)(More)
RATIONALE Underinflation of the tracheal cuff frequently occurs in critically ill patients and represents a risk factor for microaspiration of contaminated oropharyngeal secretions and gastric contents that plays a major role in the pathogenesis of ventilator-associated pneumonia (VAP). OBJECTIVES To determine the impact of continuous control of tracheal(More)
BACKGROUND Obesity and diabetes mellitus are independently associated with the development of heart failure. In this study, we determined the respective effects of obesity, insulin resistance, and diabetes mellitus on the intrinsic contraction and mitochondrial function of the human myocardium before the onset of cardiomyopathy. METHODS AND RESULTS Right(More)
We studied, by immunohistochemical analysis, the expression of MUC1 and epithelial membrane antigen in 44 stage pT1 renal cell carcinomas (RCCs). Six patients had a metastatic evolution. The percentage of stained cells was determined for each tumor. All tumors and normal adjacent renal parenchyma were stained. In normal kidney, distal convoluted tubules and(More)
Several matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) and tissue inhibitors of MMPs (TIMPs) were studied in highly invasive (MDA-MB-231) and slightly invasive (MCF-7, T47D, BT-20) breast cancer cell lines. Investigations were carried out at the protein level and/or at the mRNA level, either in cells cultured as monolayers on plastic, or in cells seeded on a thin layer(More)
The glycocalyx constitutes the first line of the blood tissue interface and is thus involved in many physiological processes, deregulation of which may lead to microvascular dysfunction. Because administration of LPS is accompanied by severe microvascular dysfunction, the purpose of the study was to investigate microvascular glycocalyx function during(More)
A successful prevention of renal diseases induced by occupational exposure to lead (Pb) and/or cadmium (Cd) largely relies on the capability to detect nephrotoxic effects at a stage when they are still reversible or at least not yet compromising renal function. Hence, the aim of this cross-sectional study was to evaluate the usefulness of a set of early(More)