Farid Zerimech

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OBJECTIVES Amylase concentration in respiratory secretions was reported to be a potentially useful marker for aspiration and pneumonia. The aim of this study was to determine accuracy of α-amylase in diagnosing microaspiration in critically ill patients. METHODS Retrospective analysis of prospectively collected data collected in a medical ICU. All(More)
BACKGROUND Ventilator-associated pneumonia (VAP) is the most common infection in intubated critically ill patients. Microaspiration of the contaminated gastric and oropharyngeal secretions is the main mechanism involved in the pathophysiology of VAP. Tracheal cuff plays an important role in stopping the progression of contaminated secretions into the lower(More)
Loss of TP53 function through gene mutation is a critical event in the development and progression of colorectal cancer (CRC). Here we examined 51 primary CRC tumors from Tunisia for mutations in TP53 exons 4–9 using PCR-direct sequencing. TP53 status and mutation site/type were than correlated with nuclear protein accumulation, familial and(More)
BACKGROUND The primary objective of this study was to determine the efficiency of a pneumatic device in controlling cuff pressure (Pcuff) in patients intubated with polyurethane-cuffed tracheal tubes. Secondary objectives were to determine the impact of continuous control of Pcuff, and cuff shape on microaspiration of gastric contents. METHODS Prospective(More)
BACKGROUND Despite intermittent control of tracheal cuff pressure (P cuff) using a manual manometer, cuff underinflation (<20 cmH2O) and overinflation (>30 cmH2O) frequently occur in intubated critically ill patients, resulting in increased risk of microaspiration and tracheal ischemic lesions. The primary objective of our study was to determine the(More)
Mutations in KRAS gene are among the critical transforming alterations occurring during CRC tumorigenesis. Here we screened 51 primary CRC tumors from Tunisia for mutations in KRAS (codons 12 and 13) using PCR-direct sequencing. Our aim was to analyze tumor mutation frequencies and spectra in Tunisian patients with CRC. KRAS status and mutation site/type(More)
BACKGROUND Microsatellite instability (MSI) is a molecular phenotype due to defective DNA mismatch repair (MMR) system. It is used to predict outcome of colorectal tumours and to screen tumours for Lynch syndrome (LS). A pentaplex panel composed of five mononucleotide markers has been largely recommended for determination of the MSI status. However, its(More)
This study evaluated the associations between biological markers in the nitrate-nitrite-NO pathway and four environmental exposures among subjects examined in the second survey (2003-2007) of the French Epidemiological study on Genetics and Environment of Asthma (EGEA). Total nitrite and nitrate (NO(2)(-) /NO(3)(-)) levels were measured both in plasma and(More)
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