Exposure of Pseudomonas aeruginosa to aminoglycosides frequently selects for recalcitrant subpopulations exhibiting an unstable, "adaptive" resistance to these antibiotics. In this study, we investigated the implication in the phenomenon of MexXY-OprM, an active efflux system known to export aminoglycosides in P. aeruginosa. Immunoblotting experiments… (More)
Aminoglycosides are among the most potent antimicrobials to eradicate Pseudomonas aeruginosa. However, the emergence of resistance has clearly led to a shortage of treatment options, especially for critically ill patients. In the search for new antibiotics, we have synthesized derivatives of the small aminoglycoside, neamine. The amphiphilic aminoglycoside… (More)
We investigated the antimicrobial activity of a fluoroquinolone against two genetically close bacterial species belonging to the Pasteurellaceae family. Time-kill experiments were used to measure the in vitro activity of marbofloxacin against two strains of Mannheimia haemolytica and Pasteurella multocida with similar MICs. We observed that marbofloxacin… (More)
The efficacy of an early and low inoculum-adjusted marbofloxacin treatment was evaluated on microbiological and clinical outcomes in calves infected with 4.10(7) CFU of Mannheimia haemolytica A1. Twenty-two calves were included based on their rectal temperature rise in the 10 h after challenge and allocated in four groups, receiving a single intramuscular… (More)
Of 150 Escherichia coli strains we cultured from specimens taken from cattle in Europe, 3 had elevated MICs against colistin. We assessed all 3 strains for the presence of the plasmid-mediated mcr-1 gene and identified 1 isolate as mcr-1-positive and co-resistant to β-lactam, florfenicol, and fluoroquinolone antimicrobial compounds.
2013 1 " Ne demande pas ton chemin à quelqu'un qui le connaît car tu ne pourrais pas t'égarer » GRP : Glucose-regulated protein H 2 DCFDA : 2',7'-dichloro-dihydro-fluorescein diacetate HIV : Human immunodeficiency virus HRI : Heme-regulated eIF2α kinase Hsp : Heat shock protein iNOS : inducible Nitric oxide synthase LLC-PK1 : Lilly Laboratories Cells Pig… (More)