Fariborz Bahrami

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Previous studies showed that P2 receptors are involved in neutrophil migration via stimulation of chemokine release and by facilitating chemoattractant gradient sensing. Here, we have investigated whether these receptors are involved in LPS-induced neutrophil transendothelial migration (TEM) using a Boyden chamber where neutrophils migrated through a layer(More)
The ectonucleotidase NTPDase1 (CD39) terminates P2 receptor activation by the hydrolysis of extracellular nucleotides (i.e., the P2 receptor ligands). In agreement with that role, exacerbated inflammation has been observed in NTPDase1-deficient mice. In this study, we extend these observations by showing that inhibition of NTPDase1 markedly increases IL-8(More)
Glioma cells release cytokines to stimulate inflammation that facilitates cell proliferation. Here, we show that Lipopolysaccharide (LPS) treatment could induce glioma cells to proliferate and this process was dependent on nucleotide receptor activation as well as interleukin-8 (IL-8/CXCL8) secretion. We observed that extracellular nucleotides controlled(More)
Interleukin-8 (IL-8) plays key roles in both chronic inflammatory diseases and tumor modulation. We previously observed that IL-8 secretion and function can be modulated by nucleotide (P2) receptors. Here we investigated whether IL-8 release by intestinal epithelial HT-29 cells, a cancer cell line, is modulated by extracellular nucleotide metabolism. We(More)
Actinobacillus suis is an important swine pathogen. As with other pathogens, the ability of A. suis to acquire iron within the host is crucial for virulence. Here, we investigated the ability of seven strains of A. suis to acquire iron from haemoglobins. In growth assays, all strains could use porcine, bovine and human haemoglobins as iron sources for(More)
Actinobacillus suis is an important pathogen of swine, especially in high-health-status herds. A published report mentioning the binding of porcine transferrin (Tf) by at least one strain of A. suis suggested that A. suis, like other members of the Pasteurellaceae, can acquire Tf-bound iron by means of a siderophore-independent, receptor-mediated mechanism.(More)
Haemophilus somnus strain 649 was found to acquire iron from ovine, bovine, and goat transferrins (Tfs). Expression of Tf receptors, as evaluated by solid-phase binding assays, required the organisms to be grown under iron-restricted conditions in the presence of Tf. Competition binding assays revealed the presence of two distinct Tf-binding receptor(More)
Histophilus somni is an important pathogen of cattle and sheep. H. somni requires iron and can use ruminant transferrins as iron sources for growth. Here, we investigated the abilities of bovine (strains 649 and 2,336) and ovine (strains 9L and 3384Y) isolates of H. somni to acquire iron from haemoglobins. Using growth assays, the bovine isolates were shown(More)
Genome annotations result generally from large sequence alignments by bioinformatics. Large scale biochemical data are more difficult to obtain. They derive for example from directed protein evolution experiments by selection. A previously reported directed enzyme evolution experiment by in vitro selection of Stoffel fragment variants of Taq DNA polymerase(More)
To evaluate MDCK and MDCK-SIAT1 cell lines for their ability to produce the yield of influenza virus in different Multiplicities of Infection. Yields obtained for influenza virus H1N1 grown in MDCK-SIAT1 cell was almost the same as MDCK; however, H3N2 virus grown in MDCK-SIAT1 had lower viral titers in comparison with MDCK cells. The optimized MOIs to(More)