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INTRODUCTION We have previously demonstrated that chondroitin sulfate glycosaminoglycans (CS-GAGs) on breast cancer cells function as P-selectin ligands. This study was performed to identify the carrier proteoglycan (PG) and the sulfotransferase gene involved in synthesis of the surface P-selectin-reactive CS-GAGs in human breast cancer cells with high(More)
The metastatic breast cancer cell line, 4T1, abundantly expresses the oligosaccharide sialylated Lewis x (sLe(x)). SLe(x) oligosaccharide on tumor cells can be recognized by E- and P-selectin, contributing to tumor metastatic process. We observed that both selectins reacted with this cell line. However, contrary to the E-selectin reactivity, which was(More)
Limited immune responses to tumor-associated carbohydrate antigens (TACA) are due in part to their being self-antigens. Immunization with xenoantigens of TACA provides an approach to break tolerance and augment responses to TACA. Carbohydrate mimetic peptides (CMPs) as xenoantigens can induce serum antibodies that target shared carbohydrate residues on(More)
Our previously published data link P-selectin-reactive chondroitin sulfate structures on the surface of breast cancer cells to metastatic behavior of cells. We have shown that a particular sulfation pattern mediated by the expression of carbohydrate (chondroitin 4) sulfotransferase-11 (CHST11) correlates with P-selectin binding and aggressiveness of human(More)
Carbohydrates expressed on HIV-1 gp160 are purported to bind to several receptor types that affect virus pathophysiology. Here, we define a potential role for fucosylated glycans involved in the adhesion of cells expressing anchored HIV-1 glycoprotein or HIV virions to human dendritic cells (DCs). We observe that a monoclonal antibody (FH6), with reactivity(More)
Expression of sialyl Lewis(x) (sLe(x)) and sLe(a) on tumor cells is thought to facilitate metastasis by promoting cell adhesion to selectins on vascular endothelial cells. Experiments supporting this concept usually bypass the early steps of the metastatic process by employing tumor cells that are injected directly into the blood. We investigated the(More)
Aberrant glycosylation is a universal feature of cancer cells, and certain glycan structures are well-known markers for tumor progression. Availability and composition of sugars in the microenvironment may affect cell glycosylation. Recent studies of human breast tumor cell lines indicate their ability to take up and utilize fructose. Here we tested the(More)
Carbohydrate mimetic peptides of tumor associated carbohydrate antigens (TACA) are T-cell-dependent antigens and, therefore, immunization with these surrogates is predicted to overcome the low immunogenicity of carbohydrate antigens. Consistent with this hypothesis, we show that among the potential immune cells involved, peptide immunization led to an(More)
Tumor-associated carbohydrate antigens are typically perceived as inadequate targets for generating tumor-specific cellular responses. Lectin profile reactivity and crystallographic studies demonstrate that MHC class I molecules can present to the immune system posttranslationally modified cytosolic peptides carrying O-beta-linked N-acetylglucosamine(More)
Immunization with peptide mimetics of carbohydrate antigens can induce functional carbohydrate-reactive antibodies. Here, we examine the immune characteristics of alternative approaches in prime and boost strategies using glycosylated HIV-1 envelope protein and model tumor associated carbohydrate antigens. Our results indicate that peptide mimotopes either(More)