Farhat Batool

Learn More
The effects of single (1mg/kg) and repeated (1mg/kg 2* daily for 4 days) diazepam administration are investigated on brain regional 5-hydroxytryptamine (5-HT; serotonin) and 5-hydroxy indoleacetic acid (5-HIAA) concentration in rats. Daily treatment decreased food intakes but body weights did not decrease. Administration of diazepam (1mg/kg) to 4 day saline(More)
BACKGROUND An important goal of current neuroleptic research is to develop antipsychotic compounds with a low incidence of extrapyramidal side effects (EPS). Clozapine, the first of the atypical antipsychotics to be proven effective in treatment-resistant schizophrenia, is reported to produce less EPS than typical neuroleptics, such as haloperidol. (More)
8-Hydroxy-2-(di-n-propylamino)tetralin (8-OH-DPAT), a selective 5-hydroxytryptamine 1A (serotonin; 5-HT1A) agonist was used to evaluate the role of somatodendritic and/or postsynaptic 5-HT1A receptors following exposure to restraint stress. Exposure to an episode of 2-h restraint stress decreased 24 h cumulative food intake. Intensity of 8-OH-DPAT-induced(More)
In view of a role of pre- and postsynaptic serotonin (5-hydroxytryptamine; 5-HT) receptors in adaptation to stress, effects of 1-(1-naphthylpiperazine) (1-NP) were compared in unrestrained and repeatedly restrained adapted rats. In the first part of the study, effects of various doses (1.0-15 mg/kg ip) of 1-NP were monitored on brain 5-HT metabolism(More)
OBJECTIVE To investigate the effects of orally supplemented amino acids L-Tryptophan (Trp) and L-Valine (Val) in rats repeatedly injected with haloperidol following one week of drug withdrawal, with particular reference to extrapyramidal symptoms (EPS) and serotonin (5-hydroxytryptamine; 5-HT) metabolism in medial prefrontal cortex (mPFC). STUDY DESIGN(More)
The idea that serotonin (5-hydroxytryptamine; 5-HT) is contributed in schizophrenia has long been advocated and alterations in 5-HT neurotransmission has been hypothesized to modulate both the therapeutic and extrapyramidal symptoms (EPS) liability of conventional neuroleptics. The 8-hydroxy-2-(di-n-propylamino) tetralin (8-OH-DPAT), a preferential 5-HT(1A)(More)
In view of a possible role of serotonin (5-hydroxytryptamine, 5-HT) and dopamine (DA) in neuroleptic-induced muscle rigidity and catalepsy, the present study is designed to investigate the neurochemical and extrapyramidal effects of atypical antipsychotic/neuroleptic drug i.e., Clozapine (CZP) on the metabolism of serotonin and dopamine particularly in the(More)
Neurochemical and behavioural research show that benzodiazepines (BZs) are the well-known anxiolytic drugs which are also used for the treatment of epilepsy, hypnosis and insomnia. Administration of BZs to experimental animals produces anxiolytic-like effects in various animal models and decreases exploratory activity. A role of serotonin (5-HT;(More)
The present study was designed to evaluate the behavioral and neurochemical profiles of clozapine and risperidone in rats in a dose-dependent manner. Animals injected intraperitoneally (i.p.) with clozapine (2.5, 5.0 and 10.0 mg kg-1) or risperidone (1.0, 2.5 and 5.0 mg kg-1) were sacrificed 1 h later to collect brain samples. Hypolocomotive effects (home(More)
The present study compares the extrapyramidal and neurochemical effects of clozapine and risperidone in rat caudate (corpus striatum) and nucleus accumbens (ventral striatum) dose-dependently. Animals injected with clozapine (2.5, 5.0 and 10.0 mg/kg IP) or risperidone (1.0, 2.5 and 5.0 mg/kg IP) in acute were sacrificed 1 h later to collect brain samples.(More)