Farhat Batool

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Neurochemical and behavioural research show that benzodiazepines (BZs) are the well-known anxiolytic drugs which are also used for the treatment of epilepsy, hypnosis and insomnia. Administration of BZs to experimental animals produces anxiolytic-like effects in various animal models and decreases exploratory activity. A role of serotonin (5-HT;(More)
Haloperidol is an antipsychotic drug and shown to be antagonist at D2 receptors and found to cause severe impairment of locomotor performance. The serotonin (5HT1A) receptor agonist 8-OH-DPAT has been reported to attenuate extrapyramidal side effects of haloperidol. The present study was designed to examine the modulatory effect of serotonergic activities(More)
The effects of single (1mg/kg) and repeated (1mg/kg 2* daily for 4 days) diazepam administration are investigated on brain regional 5-hydroxytryptamine (5-HT; serotonin) and 5-hydroxy indoleacetic acid (5-HIAA) concentration in rats. Daily treatment decreased food intakes but body weights did not decrease. Administration of diazepam (1mg/kg) to 4 day saline(More)
8-Hydroxy-2-(di-n-propylamino)tetralin (8-OH-DPAT), a selective 5-hydroxytryptamine 1A (serotonin; 5-HT1A) agonist was used to evaluate the role of somatodendritic and/or postsynaptic 5-HT1A receptors following exposure to restraint stress. Exposure to an episode of 2-h restraint stress decreased 24 h cumulative food intake. Intensity of 8-OH-DPAT-induced(More)
BACKGROUND An important goal of current neuroleptic research is to develop antipsychotic compounds with a low incidence of extrapyramidal side effects (EPS). Clozapine, the first of the atypical antipsychotics to be proven effective in treatment-resistant schizophrenia, is reported to produce less EPS than typical neuroleptics, such as haloperidol. (More)
In view of a role of pre- and postsynaptic serotonin (5-hydroxytryptamine; 5-HT) receptors in adaptation to stress, effects of 1-(1-naphthylpiperazine) (1-NP) were compared in unrestrained and repeatedly restrained adapted rats. In the first part of the study, effects of various doses (1.0-15 mg/kg ip) of 1-NP were monitored on brain 5-HT metabolism(More)
In view of a possible role of serotonin (5-hydroxytryptamine, 5-HT) and dopamine (DA) in neuroleptic-induced muscle rigidity and catalepsy, the present study is designed to investigate the neurochemical and extrapyramidal effects of atypical antipsychotic/neuroleptic drug i.e., Clozapine (CZP) on the metabolism of serotonin and dopamine particularly in the(More)
OBJECTIVE To investigate the effects of orally supplemented amino acids L-Tryptophan (Trp) and L-Valine (Val) in rats repeatedly injected with haloperidol following one week of drug withdrawal, with particular reference to extrapyramidal symptoms (EPS) and serotonin (5-hydroxytryptamine; 5-HT) metabolism in medial prefrontal cortex (mPFC). STUDY DESIGN(More)
The present study was designed to evaluate the behavioral and neurochemical profiles of clozapine and risperidone in rats in a dose-dependent manner. Animals injected intraperitoneally (i.p.) with clozapine (2.5, 5.0 and 10.0 mg kg-1) or risperidone (1.0, 2.5 and 5.0 mg kg-1) were sacrificed 1 h later to collect brain samples. Hypolocomotive effects (home(More)
In view of a possible role of serotonin (5-hydroxytryptamine; 5- HT) in regulation of appetite and anxiety, the effects of 1, 3 and 5 mg/kg doses of diazepam on brain serotonin precursor and effects of single and repeated diazepam (1 mg/kg 2* daily for 4 days) administration on hypothalamic 5-HT, 5-hydroxyindoleacetic acid (5-HIAA and 5-HIAA/5-HT ratio are(More)