Farhad Sarafzadeh

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The purpose of this study was to determine the prevalence of anti-microbial resistance in intubated patients in intensive care unit (ICU) of Bahonar hospital in Kerman province, Iran during the year 2008. Tracheal samples were obtained from 111 intubated patients in the ICU by broncoalveolar lavage method. Amikacin, Ceftazidim and Imipenem were used to(More)
BACKGROUND Clinical interprofessional education (IPE) can promote mutual understanding of other health professions and respectful behaviors among health-care professionals. The aims of this study were to evaluate the effects of IPE on the attitudes of medical and pharmacy students in an inpatient hospital setting and, in particular, the influence of(More)
AIM The aim was to evaluate the level of interleukin 8 (IL-8), transforming growth factor β1 (TGF β1) and Nitric oxide (NO) in diffuse axonal injury (DAI) and its association to the outcome and clinical status. MATERIAL AND METHODS This cross-sectional study was conducted on 20 patients with DAI and 20 patients with multiple traumas without head injury(More)
Clostridium difficile (C.difficile) infection is often established in the presence of antibiotics and probably antibiotics can influence surface layer protein A (slpA) expression as a colonization factor. The aim of this study is to evaluate the effect of vancomycin (VAN), clindamycin (CLI) alone and in combination with ceftazidime (CAZ) on slpA gene(More)
Toxin production in Clostridium difficile (C. difficile) is a key process for induction of diarrhea. Several factors such as sub-MIC of antibiotics impact on toxin production. The aim of this research is investigation of sub-minimum inhibitory concentration (sub-MIC) of vancomycin (VAN), clindamycin (CLI) separately and in combination with ceftazidime (CAZ)(More)
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