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The epithelial Na+ Channel (ENaC) mediates Na+ reabsorption in a variety of epithelial tissues. ENaC is composed of three homologous subunits, termed alpha, beta, and gamma. All three subunits participate in channel formation as the absence of any one subunit results in a significant reduction or complete abrogation of Na+ current expression in Xenopus(More)
BACKGROUND Lung cancer remains to be the leading cause of cancer death worldwide. Patients with similar lung cancer may experience quite different clinical outcomes. Reliable molecular prognostic markers are needed to characterize the disparity. In order to identify the genes responsible for the aggressiveness of squamous cell carcinoma of the lung, we(More)
Single molecule sensors in which nanoscale pores within biological or artificial membranes act as mechanical gating elements are very promising devices for the rapid characterization and sequencing of nucleic acid molecules. The two terminal electrical measurements of translocation of polymers through single ion channels and that of ssDNA molecules through(More)
Epigenetic modifications in eukaryotic genomes occur primarily in the form of 5-methylcytosine (5 mC). These modifications are heavily involved in transcriptional repression, gene regulation, development and the progression of diseases including cancer. We report a new single-molecule assay for the detection of DNA methylation using solid-state nanopores.(More)
Differentially expressed genes between corresponding normal and cancertissue can advance our understanding of the molecular basis of malignancy and potentially serve as biomarkers or prognostic markers of malignancy. To identify differentially expressed genes in prostate cancer, we used a procedure combining electronic expression profiling of the prostate(More)
BACKGROUND To discover prostate cancer biomarkers, we profiled gene expression in benign and malignant cells laser capture microdissected (LCM) from prostate tissues and metastatic prostatic adenocarcinomas. Here we present methods developed, optimized, and validated to obtain high quality gene expression data. RESULTS RNase inhibitor was included in(More)
Reports of DNA translocation measurements have been increasing rapidly in recent years due to advancements in pore fabrication and these measurements continue to provide insight into the physics of DNA translocations through MEMS based solid state nanopores. Specifically, it has recently been demonstrated that in addition to typically observed current(More)
Amiloride is a prototypic inhibitor of epithelial sodium channels. Rapid progress has been made in our understanding of the structure of the sodium channel and related cation-selective channels. This work, coupled with experiments examining how selected sodium channel mutations affect amiloride binding, provides critical clues towards defining sites within(More)
High-throughput next-generation sequencing provides a revolutionary platform to unravel the precise DNA aberrations concealed within subgroups of tumour cells. However, in many instances, the limited number of cells makes the application of this technology in tumour heterogeneity studies a challenge. In order to address these limitations, we present a novel(More)
BACKGROUND The methods used for sample selection and processing can have a strong influence on the expression values obtained through microarray profiling. Laser capture microdissection (LCM) provides higher specificity in the selection of target cells compared to traditional bulk tissue selection methods, but at an increased processing cost. The benefit(More)