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The inhibitory effect of human serum on the multiplication of Cryptococcus neoformans and the interaction with fluconazole were studied. Compared with cryptococcal multiplication in RPMI 1640 medium alone, 5% human serum in medium inhibited multiplication by 76% +/- 6% (n = 8). The inhibitory effect of human serum was donor independent, [corrected] heat(More)
Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is a common clinical condition which is associated with metabolic syndrome in 70% of cases. Inappropriate dietary fat intake, excessive intake of soft drinks, insulin resistance and increased oxidative stress combine to increase free fatty acid delivery to the liver, and increased hepatic triglyceride accumulation(More)
BACKGROUND In previous open-label noncomparative clinical trials, both fluconazole and itraconazole were effective therapy for progressive forms of coccidioidomycosis. OBJECTIVE To determine whether fluconazole or itraconazole is superior for treatment of nonmeningeal progressive coccidioidal infections. DESIGN Randomized, double-blind,(More)
The interaction of human macrophages with the yeast-form of Histoplasma capsulatum was studied. The use of culture and a short-term assay period instead of microscopy gave direct evidence of the fungicidal activity of human macrophages. The present study reports the novel finding of fungicidal activity of macrophages derived from monocytes in the presence(More)
The anticryptococcal activity of murine bronchoalveolar macrophages (BAM) and their synergy with fluconazole (FCZ) was studied. BAM cultured with tissue culture medium for 48 to 72 h were fungicidal (24 to 39%) in a 3-h killing assay. However, net killing of Cryptococcus neoformans did not continue when culture time was extended to 24 h, although BAM were(More)
Induction of enhanced anticryptococcal activity in human monocyte-derived macrophages (HMM) by macrophage colony-stimulating factor (M-CSF) and possible synergy with fluconazole (FCZ) for killing of Cryptococcus neoformans (CN) was studied. Fungistasis by HMM cultured in medium for 3, 5, or 7 days was minimal, 0-17%. The fungistasis of HMM cocultured with(More)