Faraz Shaikh

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The purpose of this study was to assess effects of a mobile coaching system on glycated hemoglobin (HbA1c) levels in younger versus older patients over 1 year. Participants (n = 118) included adult patients with Type 2 diabetes cared for by community physicians. Intervention patients received mobile phone coaching and individualized web portal. Control(More)
BACKGROUND In recent years, invasive fungal infections (IFI) have complicated the clinical course of patients with combat-related injuries. Commonalities in injury patterns and characteristics among patients with IFI led to the development of a Joint Trauma System (JTS) clinical practice guideline (CPG) for IFI management. We performed a case-control study(More)
Malaria chemoprophylaxis is used as a preventive measure in military personnel deployed to malaria-endemic countries. However, limited information is available on compliance with chemoprophylaxis among trauma patients during hospitalization and after discharge. Therefore, we assessed antimalarial primary chemoprophylaxis and presumptive antirelapse therapy(More)
In 2008, a clinical practice guideline (CPG) was developed for the prevention of infections among military personnel with combat-related injuries. Our analysis expands on a prior 6-month evaluation and assesses CPG adherence with respect to antimicrobial prophylaxis for U.S. combat casualties medically evacuated to Landstuhl Regional Medical Center over a(More)
OBJECTIVE Clinicians have anecdotally noted that combat-related invasive fungal wound infections (IFIs) lead to residual limb shortening, additional days and operative procedures before initial wound closure, and high early complication rates. We evaluated the validity of these observations and identified risk factors that may impact time to initial wound(More)
BACKGROUND Effective management of trauma-related invasive fungal wound infections (IFIs) depends on early diagnosis and timely initiation of treatment. We evaluated the utility of routine staining, histochemical stains and frozen section for fungal element identification. METHODS A total of 383 histopathological specimens collected from 66 combat-injured(More)
BACKGROUND We examined combat-related open extremity fracture infections as a function of whether posttrauma antimicrobial prophylaxis included expanded Gram-negative (EGN) coverage. METHODS Military personnel with open extremity fractures sustained in Iraq and Afghanistan (2009-2014) who transferred to participating hospitals in the United States were(More)
During the recent war in Afghanistan (2001-2014), invasive fungal wound infections (IFIs) among US combat casualties were associated with risk factors related to the mechanism and pattern of injury. Although previous studies recognized that IFI patients primarily sustained injuries in southern Afghanistan, environmental data were not examined. We compared(More)
Combat trauma wounds with invasive fungal infections (IFIs) are often polymicrobial with fungal and bacterial growth, but the impact of the wound microbiology on clinical outcomes is uncertain. Our objectives were to compare the microbiological features between IFI and non-IFI wounds and evaluate whether clinical outcomes differed among IFI wounds based(More)
In 2008, a clinical practice guideline (CPG) was developed for the prevention of infections among combat casualties and was later revised in 2011. We evaluated utilization of antimicrobials within 48 hours following injury in the combat zone over a 5-year period (June 2009 through May 2014) with regard to number of regimens, type of antimicrobial, and(More)