Faranak Kazerouni

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Vitamin D is a fat-soluble vitamin that belongs to the family of steroid hormones. The biological actions of vitamin D are exerted through a soluble protein, the vitamin D receptor (VDR). VDR is a transcription factor located in the nuclei of target cells that mediates the genomic action of the active form of vitamin D (1,25(OH)2D3). This transcription(More)
Reduction in nitric oxide (NO) production and bioavailability contribute to the pathogenesis of type 2 diabetes. Administration of nitrate has strong NO-like outcomes in both animals and humans. In this study, we examined the effects of dietary nitrate on glucose tolerance and lipid profile in type 2 diabetic rats. Type 2 diabetes was induced by injection(More)
BACKGROUND Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is the most common endocrinopathy among women of reproductive age that is linked to insulin resistance and obesity. While studies have shown that plasma levels of resistin and visfatin increase with obesity, the association between PCOS and these markers has not been described well. OBJECTIVES This case-control(More)
BACKGROUND Chronic hepatitis B is one of the most common causes of cirrhosis and hepatocellular toxicity in many countries, including Iran. Cytotoxic T lymphocyte (CTL) and Natural killer (NK) cells are the two of main cell populations considered as cytotoxic cells. One of the distinct pathways CTL and NK cells exert cytotoxicity is perforin/granzyme. After(More)
BACKGROUND Hypertension is one the most common causes of chronic kidney disease (CKD). One of the major concerns in hypertensive patients is early detection of renal disorders. In the past, serum creatinine (Scr) concentration was used as a marker of kidney function, but it proffers a late reflection of reduced glomerular filtration rate. Cystatin C and(More)
PURPOSE Our aim was to determine a more predictive cut-off value for free to total prostate-specific antigen ratio (f/tPSA) to better differentiate prostate cancer (PCa) from benign prostate hyperplasia (BPH) in Iranian patients with serum PSA levels between 4 and 20 ng/mL. MATERIALS AND METHODS This study was performed on 332 men with serum tPSA level of(More)
BACKGROUND Since the introduction of the first radioimmunoassay, several improvements have been made in the design of immunoassays such as method of antibody production, labeling, automation and detection technology. We performed an analytical evaluation of the new electrochemiluminescent immunoassay (ECLIA) for serum TSH, FT4 and T3 in the Elecsys 2010(More)
BACKGROUND Recent reports have suggested that single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in microRNA genes may contribute to individual susceptibility to coronary artery disease (CAD). The purpose of this study was to evaluate the association between rs3746444 in pre-miR-499 with CAD. METHODS We performed a case-control study including 288 CAD patients and(More)
In the present study plasma levels of erythropoietin (EPO) hormone and kidney histological changes were assessed as biomarkers to evaluate the chromium pollution in Epaulet grouper (Epinephelus stoliczkae) obtained from different areas in Chabahar Bay and Gulf of Oman. Chemical analyses included the evaluation of chromium in the fish kidney tissue and(More)
BACKGROUND It is extensively supposed that vegetarian diet could affect cancer progress and increase the influence of formal chemotherapy. OBJECTIVES The present study was designed to determine the effect of the ethanol Bane skin extract against chemo resistant prostate cancer PC3 cells. MATERIALS AND METHODS PC3 and L929 cells were cultivated and then(More)