Faram D Dastur

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Tests among 410 Indians not artificially immunised against tetanus showed that 80% had measurable antitoxin. Single doses (100 Lf or 250 Lf) of a potent tetanus toxoid were given to such individuals with naturally acquired antitoxin. The 100 Lf dose produced on average a ten-fold rise in antibody level, and the 250 Lf dose a twenty-fold rise. In adults who(More)
Accidental exposure from blood/body fluid of patients is a risk to healthcare workers (HCWs). Percutaneous injury is the most common method of exposure to blood-borne pathogens. A policy was formulated at our institute, a tertiary care centre in central Mumbai, and we report a six-year (1998--2003) ongoing surveillance of needlestick injuries. Of the 380(More)
Neonatal tetanus kills 2,00,000 infants annually in India. To simplify the logistics of tetanus immunization in pregnancy a potent single dose vaccine containing 250 Lf tetanus toxoid (TT) was developed. When administered to 200 unimmunized primigravidae in the last trimester of pregnancy, all generated protective titres of tetanus antitoxin (> or = 0.01(More)
Thirty-four cases of severe tetanus were studied. On clinical examination weakness and sensory loss compatible with peripheral neuropathy was found in 27. The pattern was usually asymmetrical, the commonest nerves affected being ulnar, median and lateral popliteal, although occasionally circumflex, musculocutaneous, femoral and facial nerves were also(More)
A clinical and electrophysiological study of 15 cases of cephalic tetanus is reported. This condition is a form of local tetanus which commonly follows an injury to the face or head. It is characterised by muscle paralysis which is maximal close to the site of injury, while spasm is evident at mroe distant sites. As muscle paralysis improves with time it is(More)
Paired maternal and cord blood samples were collected at delivery from 150 women who received varying doses of tetanus toxoid during pregnancy. Tetanus specific IgM and IgG antibodies were measured in them by standard ELISA with a sensitivity for IgM of 0.001 mg/ml, and for IgG of 0.0003 IU/ml. In 22 infants an additional estimation of tetanus antibody was(More)