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Brevinin-2R, a member of a new family of antimicrobial peptides isolated from the skin of Rana ridibunda, displays antimicrobial activity against bacteria and fungi. In this study, we have used an assembly PCR method for the fast and extremely accurate synthesis of the brevinin-2R gene. A total of six primers were assembled in a single step PCR, and the(More)
Co-solvents such as glycerol and sorbitol are small organic molecules solvated in the cellular solutions that can have profound effects on the protein structures. Here, the molecular dynamics simulations and comparative structural analysis of magainin, as a peptide model, in pure water, 2,2,2-trifluoroethanol∕water, glycerol∕water, and sorbitol∕water are(More)
Pyrazinamide (PZA) is an important first-line drug used for the short-course treatment of tuberculosis in combination with isoniazid and rifampin. It has been reported that mutations in pncA gene correlate well with PZA resistance depending on the geographic area. On the other hand, different genotypes of Mycobacterium tuberculosis show different affinities(More)
Considering the significant increase of isoniazid (INH) resistance in Iranian Mycobacterium tuberculosis isolates in the last few years and to investigate the prevalence and diagnostic potential of the most commonly reported mutations associated with INH resistance in Iran, we analyzed parts of the katG gene and fabG1-inhA and oxyR-ahpC regulatory regions(More)
Urea and GdmCl are widely used to denature proteins at high concentrations. Here, we used MD simulations to study the denaturation mechanisms of helical peptide in different concentrations of GdmCl and urea. It was found that the helical structure of the peptide in water simulation is disappeared after 5 ns while the helicity of the peptide is disappeared(More)
LAH4 is an antimicrobial peptide that is believed to possess both antibiotic and DNA delivery capabilities. It is one of a number of membrane-active peptides that show increased affinity toward anionic lipids. Herein, we have performed molecular dynamics simulations to compare LAH4 effects on anionic palmitoyl-oleoyl-phosphatidylglycerol bilayer, which(More)
Antimicrobial peptides (AMPs) are part of the innate host defense system, and they are produced by living organisms to defend themselves against infections. Pardaxin is a cationic AMP with antimicrobial and antitumor activities that has potential to be used as a novel antibiotic or for drug delivery in cancer therapy. This peptide acts on the membrane of(More)
INTRODUCTION The measurement of adenosine deaminase (ADA) level in cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) has generated as a suitable test for tuberculous meningitis (TBM) diagnosis. The main objective in the present meta-analysis focused on analyzing the ADA test accuracy in order to diagnose TBM. METHODS We searched several databases including Medline, Embase and(More)
OBJECTIVE/BACKGROUND Mycobacterium tuberculosis pyrazinamidase (PZase) is known an enzyme that is involved in degradation of pyrazinamide to ammonia and pyrazinoic acid. Pyrazinamide is an important first-line drug used in the short-course treatment of tuberculosis. Previous investigations have indicated that the pyrazinamide (PZA)-resistant M. tuberculosis(More)
Pyrazinamide (PZA) is one the first line anti-tuberculosis drugs that require activation by the pyrazinamidase (PZase). Most PZA-resistant Mycobacterium tuberculosis strains have mutations in the pncA gene which encoding PZase that result in the reduction or loss of the enzyme activity. Herein, we have examined how various mutations, which have been found(More)