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The E. coli argE-encoded N-acetyl-L-ornithine deacetylase has been cloned, expressed, and purified in high yield. The substrate specificity of the enzyme is relatively broad, with a number of alpha-N-acyl-L-amino acids exhibiting activity, including both alpha-N-acetyl- and alpha-N-formylmethionine that exhibit higher activity than(More)
The chromosomally encoded aminoglycoside N-acetyltransferase, AAC(2')-Ic, of Mycobacterium tuberculosis has a yet unidentified physiological function. The aac(2')-Ic gene was cloned and expressed in Escherichia coli, and AAC(2')-Ic was purified. Recombinant AAC(2')-Ic was a soluble protein of 20,000 Da and acetylated all aminoglycosides substrates tested in(More)
Carbamoyl phosphate synthetase (CPS) from Escherichia coli catalyzes the formation of carbamoyl phosphate from two molecules of MgATP, bicarbonate, and glutamine. It has been previously shown that the amino- and carboxy-terminal halves of the large subunit of this protein are homologous. A working model for the active site structure of the carboxy-terminal(More)
AAC(2')-Ic catalyzes the coenzyme A (CoA)-dependent acetylation of the 2' hydroxyl or amino group of a broad spectrum of aminoglycosides. The crystal structure of the AAC(2')-Ic from Mycobacterium tuberculosis has been determined in the apo enzyme form and in ternary complexes with CoA and either tobramycin, kanamycin A or ribostamycin, representing the(More)
Phosphofructokinase from Lactobacillus delbrueckii subspecies bulgaricus (LbPFK) has been reported to be a nonallosteric analogue of phosphofructokinase from Escherichia coli at pH 8.2 [Le Bras et al. (1991) Eur. J. Biochem. 198, 683-687]. A reexamination of the kinetics of this enzyme shows LbPFK to have limited binding affinity toward the allosteric(More)
Mycobacterium tuberculosis, the cause of tuberculosis, presents a major threat to human health worldwide. Biosynthetic enzymes that are essential for the survival of the bacterium, especially in activated macrophages, are important potential drug targets. Although the tryptophan biosynthesis pathway is thought to be non-essential for many pathogens, this(More)
Carbamoyl phosphate synthetase (CPS) catalyzes the formation of carbamoyl phosphate from glutamine, bicarbonate, and 2 mol of MgATP. The heterodimeric protein is composed of a small amidotransferase subunit and a larger synthetase subunit. The synthetase subunit contains a large tandem repeat for each of the nucleotides used in the overall synthesis of(More)
Phosphoribosyl-ATP pyrophosphohydrolase is the second enzyme in the histidine-biosynthetic pathway, irreversibly hydrolyzing phosphoribosyl-ATP to phosphoribosyl-AMP and pyrophosphate. It is encoded by the hisE gene, which is present as a separate gene in many bacteria and archaea but is fused to hisI in other bacteria, fungi and plants. Because of its(More)
Carbamoyl-phosphate synthetase (CPS) from Escherichia coli is a heterodimeric protein. The larger of the two subunits (M(r) approximately 118,000) contains a pair of homologous domains of approximately 400 residues each that are approximately 40% identical in amino acid sequence. The carboxy phosphate (residues 1-400) and carbamoyl phosphate domains(More)
Ornithine is an allosteric activator of carbamoyl phosphate synthetase (CPS) from Escherichia coli. Nine amino acids in the vicinity of the binding sites for ornithine and potassium were mutated to alanine, glutamine, or lysine. The residues E783, T1042, and T1043 were found to be primarily responsible for the binding of ornithine to CPS, while E783 and(More)
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