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UNLABELLED Kawasaki disease (KD) is a common acute systemic vasculitis of childhood. Although KD has wide spectrum of clinical features, shock is not one of its common presentation form. We describe a 5-month-old female infant with severe shock syndrome requiring fluid resuscitation, inotropic support, and PICU admission. She was diagnosed retrospectively(More)
PURPOSE To assess the incidence, risk factors, and outcomes of intra-abdominal hypertension (IAH) in a pediatric intensive care unit (PICU). METHODS Prospective cohort study from January 2011 to January 2013. All children consecutively admitted to the PICU, staying more than 24 hours and requiring bladder catheterization, were included in the study. On(More)
Previous studies have indicated that neopterin is synthesized in vitro by human monocyte-derived macrophages and dendritic cells upon stimulation with gamma interferon (IFN-gamma). Neopterin production under specific conditions in vitro has also been obtained upon stimulation with IFN-alpha and/or IFN-beta. However, it is unknown if any(More)
INTRODUCTION A case of cefepime-induced nonconvulsive status epilepticus in a 15-year-old child with end stage renal disease on hemodialysis is reported. Clinical symptoms and EEG dramatically improved 48 h after discontinuation of cefepime. METHODS Twenty-five cases of nonconvulsive status epilepticus associated with cefepime that have been reported in(More)
OBJECTIVE Despite advances in antibiotic therapy strategies and pediatric intensive care, prognosis of Streptococcus pneumoniae meningitis remains very poor. To determine the factors associated with hospital mortality of children with pneumococcal meningitis. METHODS We conducted a retrospective study of 73 cases of childhood pneumococcal meningitis(More)
We present the clinical course of an 11-year-old child with septic pulmonary embolism secondary to community acquired methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) septic deep venous thrombosis. The aim is to emphasize the non-specific symptoms of septic pulmonary embolism in pediatrics, the frequent association with septic deep venous thrombosis and(More)
Acute necrotizing encephalopathy is a rare, clinically distinct entity of acute encephalopathy triggered by acute febrile diseases, mostly viral infections. It is postulated to arise from uncontrolled cytokine release during a febrile illness, and is most often seen in East Asia. We describe a rare Saudi patient of acute necrotizing encephalopathy(More)
The Middle East respiratory syndrome (MERS) is a new human disease caused by a novel coronavirus (CoV). The disease is reported mainly in adults. Data in children are scarce. The disease caused by MERS-CoV in children presents with a wide range of clinical manifestations, and it is associated with a lower mortality rate compared with adults. Poor outcome is(More)
PURPOSE To consolidate pediatric intensivists' understanding of the pathophysiology, definition, incidence, monitoring, and management of intra-abdominal hypertension (IAH) and abdominal compartment syndrome (ACS); and to highlight the characteristics related to the pediatric population. METHODS This is a narrative review article that utilized a(More)
Inborn error of metabolism may produce a complex clinical picture in which epilepsy is only one of the various neurologic manifestations including developmental delay/regression, mental retardation, and movement disorders. However, metabolic epilepsies may dominate the clinical presentation. A specific diagnosis of metabolic disorders in epileptic patients(More)