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Red cells ow their mechanical properties, that is, their resistance and their elastic deformability, to a protein network that laminates the lipid bilayer and to proteins spanning the latter. All proteins are interconnected. Their structure, as well as the structure of the corresponding genes, will be outlined. Numerous mutations have allowed to reclassify(More)
Sustained expression of the Spi-1/PU.1 and Fli-1 oncoproteins blocks globin gene activation in mouse erythroleukemia cells; however, only Spi-1/PU.1 expression inhibits the inclusion of exon 16 in the mature 4.1R mRNA. This splicing event is crucial for a functional 4.1R protein and, therefore, for red blood cell membrane integrity. This report demonstrates(More)
Protein 4.1 is a globular 80-kDa component of the erythrocyte membrane skeleton that enhances spectrin-actin interaction via its internal 10-kDa domain. Previous studies have shown that protein 4.1 mRNA is expressed as multiple alternatively spliced isoforms, resulting from the inclusion or exclusion of small cassette sequences called motifs. By tissue(More)
The inclusion of exon 16 in mature protein 4.1R mRNA arises from a stage-specific splicing event that occurs during late erythroid development. We have shown that mouse erythroleukemia (MEL) cells reproduce this erythroid-specific splicing event upon induction of differentiation. We here found that this splicing event is regulated specifically in(More)
The genetic disorders of the red cell skeleton encompass hereditary spherocytosis, hereditary elliptocytosis and an array of ill-defined haemolytic anaemias. Protein chemistry and molecular genetics have illuminated the supramolecular arrangement of the skeleton, the sequence and three-dimensional structure of its protein components, the exon-intron(More)
The alpha V/41 polymorphism of erythroid alpha-spectrin has been characterized initially by an increased susceptibility to proteolysis of the alpha IV-alpha V domain junction (Alloisio N., L. Morlé, J. Maréchal, A.-F. Roux, M.-T. Ducluzeau, D. Guetarni, B. Pothier, F. Baklouti, A. Ghanem, R. Kastally, et al. 1991. J. Clin. Invest. 87:2169-2177). Until now,(More)
A category of spectrin alpha I domain variants are manifested by the increase of the alpha I 74 kDa fragment at the expense of the parent 80 kDa fragment following partial tryptic digestion. We describe a particular case of alpha I/74 abnormality in a Tunisian family. The propositus was severely ill and had an elliptopoikilocytosis. To the contrary, his(More)
The -158 (C→T) nucleotide change, known as Xmn I polymorphism, occurs in (G)γ-globin gene promoter, and results in elevated fetal hemoglobin (HbF). We found this mutation in cis of a β(0)-thalassemia splicing mutation. Despite the complete absence of adult HbA, the phenotype was only moderately severe with no detectable alteration of α-globin gene(More)
Tyrosinemia type I, the most severe disease of the tyrosine catabolic pathway is caused by a deficiency in fumarylacetoacetate hydrolase (FAH). A patient showing few of the symptoms associated with the disease, was found to be a compound heterozygote for a splice mutation, IVS6-1g->t, and a putative missense mutation, Q279R. Analysis of FAH expression in(More)
We describe an 18-year-old with moderate hereditary spherocytosis. The condition was associated with a 35% decrease in band 3. The underlying mutation was Arg to stop at codon 150 (CGA-->TGA) and was designated R150X, which defined allele Lyon of the EPB3 gene. The inheritance pattern was dominant. However, the mother, who also carried the allele Lyon, had(More)