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A method to reduce the acoustic noise generated by gradient systems in magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is proposed based on the linear response theory. Since the acoustic frequency response function of typical gradient coils is low in the range below 200 Hz, the noise level can be significantly reduced by using gradient pulse sequences whose spectra are(More)
The aim of this double blind placebo-controlled cross-over study was to evaluate the effects of fadrozole, a new oral nonsteroidal aromatase inhibitor, on basal and stimulated cortisol and aldosterone secretion at a daily dosage of 4 mg given for 14 days to eight healthy men. After 2 weeks of treatment, fadrozole, compared with placebo, effectively(More)
Optimal relationships between mucociliary clearance and rheological properties of bronchial secretions expectorated by patients with chronic bronchitis have been analysed by successive measurements of visco-elasticity with a rotational rheometer and of transport velocity on frog palate mucosa. It appears that the role of the elastic component is(More)
The propensity for anxiety-related behavior has been studied by comparing two highly inbred strains of mice, ABP/Le and C57BL/6ByJ, in two behavioral procedures, open-field and light-dark preference. Their Mendelian F2 population allowed us to evaluate the putative involvement of four easily identifiable loci in anxiogenic processes. In fact, chromosomal(More)
The aim of the present study was to define reference values for lung volumes and the lung transfer factor for carbon monoxide (TL,CO) for an adolescent population using thoracic volume index (TVI) and an index of pubertal stage in order to account for the variation in growth pattern between adolescents. TVI, pubertal stage by Tanner scale (PST), time since(More)
In two groups of healthy children synchronized with a diurnal activity (light-on at 07.00) and a nocturnal rest(light-off at 21.00), lug resistance (R1) and dynamic lung compliance (C1 dyn) were measured at fixed clock hours (07.30, 11.30, 16.30, 22.30). The measurements were performed before and 10 minutes after the inhalation of bronchodilators (a(More)
In French Health Examination Centres, populations in deprived situation were usually defined by administrative criteria The aim of the study was to investigate whether EPICES, a new individual index of deprivation, was more strongly related to health status than an administrative classification. The EPICES score was calculated on the basis of 11 weighted(More)
OBJECTIVE To assess the corticotrophic response to ovine corticotrophin releasing hormone (CRH) with the lowest dose of lysine vasopressin able to induce both the greatest stimulation and the lowest degree of side-effects. SUBJECTS Fourteen healthy young adult males. DESIGN Increasing intravenous doses (either 0, 0.03, 0.1, 0.3, or 1 IU) of lysine(More)
Little is known about the pathophysiology of sporadic adrenocortical tumors in adults. Because loss of heterozygosity at the 11p15 locus has been described in childhood tumors, particularly, in adrenocortical tumors, associated with the Beckwith-Wiedemann syndrome and because insulin-like growth factor-II (IGF-II) is a crucial regulator of fetal adrenal(More)