Fanny Turlure

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Integration, catalyzed by the viral integrase (IN) protein, is a crucial step in the life cycle of all retroviruses including human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1). Although purified HIV-1 IN protein is sufficient to catalyze the DNA breakage and joining steps of integration in the absence of any other protein factor, a number of studies indicate that(More)
Recognition of peptidoglycan (PGN) is paramount for insect antibacterial defenses. In the fruit fly Drosophila melanogaster, the transmembrane PGN Recognition Protein LC (PGRP-LC) is a receptor of the Imd signaling pathway that is activated after infection with bacteria, mainly Gram-negative (Gram-). Here we demonstrate that bacterial infections of the(More)
Human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) integrase (IN) functions in cells within the context of high molecular weight preintegration complexes (PICs). Lens epithelium-derived growth factor (LEDGF) transcriptional coactivator/p75 and hepatoma-derived growth factor related protein 2 (HRP2) tightly bind to HIV-1 IN and stimulate its integration activity in(More)
Lens epithelium-derived growth factor p75 (LEDGF/p75) is a DNA-binding, transcriptional co-activator that participates in HIV-1 integration site targeting. Using complementary approaches, we determined the mechanisms of LEDGF/p75 DNA-binding in vitro and chromatin-association in living cells. The binding of highly-purified, recombinant protein was assayed(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS Daclatasvir is a direct-acting antiviral agent and potent inhibitor of NS5A, which is involved in replication of the hepatitis C virus (HCV) genome, presumably via membranous web shaping, and assembly of new virions, likely via transfer of the HCV RNA genome to viral particle assembly sites. Daclatasvir inhibits the formation of new(More)
Peptidoglycan recognition proteins (PGRPs) form a family of immune regulators that is conserved from insects to mammals. In the malaria vector mosquito Anophelescoluzzii, the peptidoglycan receptor PGRPLC activates the immune-deficiency (Imd) pathway limiting both the microbiota load and Plasmodium infection. Here, we carried out an RNA interference screen(More)
AgPGRPLC-TCT complexes In the AgPGRPLC1-TCT model, the ligand conformation remained unchanged. In AgPGRPLC2-TCT small rotations of torsion angles between L-Ala and D-Glu were necessary to relieve steric clashes between the carboxyl group of D-Glu and P92. In AgPGRPLC1 and LC3 however, Pro92 is replaced by a Lys, which permits placement without a bump. Most(More)
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