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Postpartum cardiomyopathy (PPCM) is a disease of unknown etiology and exposes women to high risk of mortality after delivery. Here, we show that female mice with a cardiomyocyte-specific deletion of stat3 develop PPCM. In these mice, cardiac cathepsin D (CD) expression and activity is enhanced and associated with the generation of a cleaved antiangiogenic(More)
BACKGROUND In endothelial cells, caveolin-1, the structural protein of caveolae, acts as a scaffolding protein to cluster lipids and signaling molecules within caveolae and, in some instances, regulates the activity of proteins targeted to caveolae. Specifically, different putative mediators of the endothelium-derived hyperpolarizing factor (EDHF)-mediated(More)
AIMS In endothelial cells, caveolin-1 (cav-1) is known to negatively modulate the activation of endothelial nitric oxide synthase, a key regulator of blood pressure (BP). However, the impact of genetic alteration of cav-1 on vascular nitric oxide (NO) production and BP homeostasis in vivo is unknown. METHODS AND RESULTS We used spectral analysis of(More)
Nitric oxide produced by three different isoforms of nitric oxide synthase (NOS) widely expressed in virtually all vascular cell types is mostly produced by the endothelial isoform (eNOS) in endothelial cells where it plays a crucial role in vascular tone and structure regulation. It also exerts an anti-inflammatory influence, inhibits platelets adhesion(More)
AIMS Statins improve atherosclerotic diseases through cholesterol-reducing effects. Whether the latter exclusively mediate similar benefits, e.g. on hypertension, in the metabolic syndrome is unclear. We examined the effects of rosuvastatin on the components of this syndrome, as reproduced in mice doubly deficient in LDL receptors and leptin (DKO). (More)
AIMS Type II diabetes, often associated with abdominal obesity, frequently leads to heart failure. Clinical and epidemiological evidence suggests that supplemental dyslipidaemia and hypertension, as clustered in the metabolic syndrome, aggravate the cardiovascular outcome. The differential impact of type II diabetes and the metabolic syndrome on left(More)
BACKGROUND In the heart, nitric oxide synthases (NOS) modulate cardiac contraction in an isoform-specific manner, which is critically dependent on their cellular and subcellular localization. Defective NO production by NOS3 (endothelial NOS [eNOS]) in the failing heart may precipitate cardiac failure, which could be reversed by overexpression of NOS3 in the(More)
Mutations in PKD1 are associated with autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease (ADPKD), which leads to major cardiovascular complications. We used mice with a heterozygous deletion of Pkd1 (Pkd1+/-) and wild-type (Pkd1+/+) littermates to test whether Pkd1 haploinsufficiency is associated with a vascular phenotype in different age groups. Systolic blood(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Our goal was to elucidate mechanisms of the inhibitory effect of rosuvastatin on the accumulation of plaque oxidized low density lipoproteins (oxLDL) and on plaque volume, without lowering cholesterol, in mice with combined leptin and LDL-receptor deficiency (DKO). EXPERIMENTAL APPROACH Twelve-week old DKO mice were treated with(More)
OBJECTIVE Cardiopulmonary bypass triggers a systemic inflammatory response that alters pulmonary endothelial function, which can contribute to pulmonary hypertension. This study was designed to demonstrate that inhaled prostacyclin, a selective pulmonary vasodilator prostaglandin, prevents pulmonary arterial endothelial dysfunction induced by(More)