Fangyuan Zhou

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The intrinsic or acquired drug resistance is the main challenge for cancer chemotherapy today. So far, many nanosized drug delivery systems (NDDS) have been exploited to combat cancer drug resistance. However, the therapy efficacy of current NDDS is severely impaired by the limited tumor penetration of the nanoparticles due to the existence of physiological(More)
CD3(+)CD56(+) NKT-like cells are one of the critical effectors in the immune response to viral infection and tumors, but the functional features of NKT-like cells in HIV infection have been rarely reported. In this study, we observed and described the state of NKT-like cell functions in primary HIV-infected individuals (PHIs), chronic HIV-infected(More)
Natural killer (NK) cells are important effectors of the innate immune system that help control viral infections and tumorigenesis. However, the relationship between NK cell function and HIV disease progression remains poorly defined. In this study, we examined the function of NK cells in Chinese patients who were HIV-infected but treatment-naïve. These(More)
Despite considerable progress being made in breast cancer therapy, the complete eradication of highly aggressive triple negative breast cancer (TNBC) remains a notable challenge today. We herein report on the fabrication of novel gold nanorods (GNRs) with covalent cisplatin-polypeptide wrapping and folic acid (FA) conjugation (FA-GNR@Pt) for the targeted(More)
Photodynamic therapy (PDT) has emerged as a promising clinical modality for cancer therapy due to its ability to initiate an antitumor immune response. However, PDT-mediated cancer immunotherapy is severely impaired by tumor-cell immunosuppression of host T cell antitumor activity through the programmed cell death 1 ligand (PD-L1) and programmed cell death(More)
Theranostic nanomedicine has emerged as a promising modality for cancer diagnosis and treatment. In this study, we report the fabrication of fluorescence gold nanoclusters (GNC) conjugated with a cisplatin prodrug and folic acid (FA) (FA-GNC-Pt) for fluorescence imaging and targeted chemotherapy of breast cancer. The physio-chemical properties of FA-GNC-Pt(More)
Mutualism between insects and fungi drives insect evolutionary diversification and niche expansion; for invasive insects, however, mechanisms by which they maintain mutualistic relationships with beneficial fungi have not been clearly explored. Here, we report that an invasive herbivorous insect, the red turpentine beetle (RTB), with its co-invasive(More)
Insect-microbe interaction is a key area of research in multiplayer symbiosis, yet little is known about the role of microbe-microbe interactions in insect-microbe symbioses. The red turpentine beetle (RTB) has destroyed millions of healthy pines in China and forms context-dependent relationships with associated fungi. The adult-associated fungus(More)
The onion maggot, Delia antiqua, is a devastating pest of liliaceous crops and current control measures fail to avert pesticide residues, threats to agroecosystem, and costly expenditures. Insect growth regulators (IGRs) are used as trypetid pest chemosterilants for their suppression on adult fertility and fecundity, but their effects on onion flies are(More)
An appropriate reference gene is required to get reliable results from gene expression analysis by quantitative real-time reverse transcription PCR (qRT-PCR). In order to identify stable and reliable reference genes in Trichoderma afroharzianum under oxalic acid (OA) stress, six commonly used housekeeping genes, i.e., elongation factor 1, ubiquitin,(More)