Fangwei Shao

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Here we examine the photooxidation of two kinetically fast electron hole traps, N4-cyclopropylcytosine (CPC) and N2-cyclopropylamine-guanosine (CPG), incorporated in DNA duplexes of various sequence using different photooxidants. DNA oxidation studies are carried out either with noncovalently bound [Ru(phen)(dppz)(bpy')]3+ (dppz = dipyridophenazine) and(More)
We report on a systematic study of upconverting fluorescence signal generation within turbid phantoms and real tissues. An accurate three-point Green's function, describing the forward model of photon propagation, is established and experimentally validated. We further demonstrate, for the first time to our knowledge, autofluorescence-free transillumination(More)
Cyclometalated Ir(III) complexes tethered to 18-mer oligonucleotides through a functionalized dipyridophenazine ligand have been used to study the distance dependence profile of hole and electron transport along DNA. These DNA assemblies allow a direct comparison of hole and electron transport with a single donor coupled into the base stack. Interestingly,(More)
Heteroleptic cyclometalated complexes of Ir(III) containing the dipyridophenazine ligand are synthesized through the direct introduction of a functionalized dipyridophenazine ligand onto a bis(dichloro)-bridged Ir(III) precusor and characterized by 1H NMR, mass spectrometry, as well as spectroscopic and electrochemical properties. The excited state of the(More)
A cyclometalated complex of Ir(III) is covalently tethered to DNA oligonucleotides and serves as both a photooxidant and photoreductant in the study of DNA-mediated hole transport (HT) and electron transport (ET). Spectroscopic and melting temperature studies support intercalation of the tethered complex into the DNA duplex through the functionalized dppz(More)
Using amino-labeled oligonucleotide probes, we established a simple, robust and low-noise method for simultaneous detection of RNA and DNA by fluorescence in situ hybridization, a highly useful tool to study the large pool of long non-coding RNAs being identified in the current research. With probes either chemically or biologically synthesized, we(More)
DNA-mediated charge transport (CT) is exquisitely sensitive to the integrity of the bridging pi-stack and is characterized by a shallow distance dependence. These properties are obscured by poor coupling between the donor/acceptor pair and the DNA bridge, or by convolution with other processes. Previously, we found a surprising periodic length dependence(More)
Charge transport (CT) through DNA has been found to occur over long molecular distances in a reaction that is sensitive to intervening structure. The process has been described mechanistically as involving diffusive charge-hopping among low-energy guanine sites. Using a kinetically fast electron hole trap, N(4)-cyclopropylcytosine ((CP)C), here we show that(More)
The two important epigenetic markers in the human genome, 5-methylcytosine (mC) and 5-hydroxymethylcytosine (hmC), are involved in gene regulation processes. As a major epigenetic target, cytosines in a C-rich DNA sequence were substituted with mC and hmC to investigate the thermal stability and pH sensitivity of the corresponding i-motifs. Circular(More)