Fangwei Shao

Learn More
A DNA G-quadruplex (G4) formed at the oncogene c-MYC promoter region functions as a gene silencer. Due to its high stability at physiological K(+) concentrations, its thermodynamics and kinetic properties have not been characterized in physiological solution conditions. In this work, we investigated the unfolding and folding transitions of single c-MYC G4(More)
A facile synthetic route to prepare monofunctional carbocyanine dyes for biological application is developed. Three pentamethine carbocyanine dyes have been successfully modified with a variety of functional groups such as: carboxylic acids, azides, or alkynes. The new dyes are characterized by strong NIR fluorescence emission, high extinction coefficients(More)
Exaggerated radical-induced DNA damage under magnetic fields is of great concern to medical biosafety and biomolecular electronic devices. In this report, the effects of an external magnetic field (MF) on DNA electronic conductivity were investigated by studying the efficiencies of photoinduced DNA-mediated charge transport (CT) via guanine damage. Under a(More)
Here we examine the photooxidation of two kinetically fast electron hole traps, N4-cyclopropylcytosine (CPC) and N2-cyclopropylamine-guanosine (CPG), incorporated in DNA duplexes of various sequence using different photooxidants. DNA oxidation studies are carried out either with noncovalently bound [Ru(phen)(dppz)(bpy')]3+ (dppz = dipyridophenazine) and(More)
Because of DNA appealing features as perfect material, including minuscule size, defined structural repeat and rigidity, programmable DNA-mediated processing is a promising computing paradigm, which employs DNAs as information storing and processing substrates to tackle the computational problems. The massive parallelism of DNA hybridization exhibits(More)
We report on a systematic study of upconverting fluorescence signal generation within turbid phantoms and real tissues. An accurate three-point Green's function, describing the forward model of photon propagation, is established and experimentally validated. We further demonstrate, for the first time to our knowledge, autofluorescence-free transillumination(More)
A high yield route to symmetric, conjugatable pentamethine carbocyanine dyes with far-red/near infrared (NIR) emission between 650 and 700 nm is reported. The dyes are prepared via condensation of indolium or benz[e]indolium inner salts with an alkyl carboxylic acid derivatized malonaldehyde dianil or alternatively in a one-pot reaction without isolation of(More)
A fluorescent exciplex of thiazole orange (TO) is formed in a single-dye conjugated DNA i-motif. The exciplex fluorescence exhibits a large Stokes shift, high quantum yield, robust response to pH oscillation and little structural disturbance to the DNA quadruplex, which can be used to monitor the folding of high-order DNA structures.