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BACKGROUND Cell transplantation and gene therapy have been demonstrated to have beneficial effects after a myocardial infarction (MI). Here, we used a large animal model of MI to investigate the beneficial effects of mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) transfected with hepatocyte growth factor (HGF) or vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) genes. METHODS A(More)
BACKGROUND We produced a large-animal model of left ventricular (LV) failure induced by transcatheter embolization of the left coronary artery using a gelatin sponge. METHODS Fourteen male pigs underwent transcatheter embolization of the left anterior descending artery (LAD) using gelatin sponge to produce anteroapical myocardial infarction. Coronary(More)
BACKGROUND It is not clear how many skeletal myoblasts (SM) can survive and exert beneficial effects in the host myocardial infarction (MI) area. We assessed the hypothesis that a large number of SM can replace the MI area with reverse left ventricular (LV) remodeling. METHODS AND RESULTS MI was created by left coronary artery ligation in male Lewis rats.(More)
To clarify the role of glutathione S-transferases (GSTs; GSTM1 and GSTT1) status in susceptibility to coronary heart disease (CHD), a meta-analysis of published studies was performed. A total of 19 studies including 8020 cases and 11 501 controls were included in this meta-analysis. In a combined analysis, the relative risks for CHD of the GSTM1 null and(More)
BACKGROUND Recent data from human and animal studies have shown an upregulated expression of advanced glycosylation end product-specific receptor (RAGE) in human atherosclerotic plaques 1 and in retina, messangial, and aortic vessels, suggesting an important role of RAGE in the pathogenesis of atherothrombotic diseases. In the past few years, the(More)
OBJECTIVE The effects of cell transplantation on the ischemic failing heart have already been documented. However, the area in and around infarct regions is not a good environment for cells to survive in because they are exposed to poor conditions in which certain requirements cannot be adequately supplied. We therefore designed a study to investigate the(More)
OBJECTIVE Therapeutic angiogenesis using basic fibroblast growth factor (bFGF) in coronary artery disease has been documented in a number of papers. However, the effectiveness is discrepant among documents. In this study, we evaluated the distribution of bFGF in the rat heart by different administration methods, and investigated the efficacy of(More)
The SAPK/JNKs play important roles in numerous cellular processes, and for this reason they have become putative drug targets. Most dual-specificity protein phosphatases (DSPs) play important roles in the regulation of mitogenic signal transduction and cell cycle control in response to extracellular stimuli. Dual-specificity phosphatase 18 (DUSP18), a newly(More)
BACKGROUND Several reports have documented the potential benefits of cell transplantation as an alternative to cardiac transplantation. This study was designed to investigate whether cardiomyocyte transplantation is effective in rats with chronic myocardial infarction. METHODS Syngeneic Lewis rats were used in this study. Chronic myocardial infarction was(More)
BACKGROUND This study was designed to investigate the efficacy of the combined procedure of left ventricular (LV) repair and fetal cardiomyocyte transplantation (CM-TX) in a rat myocardial infarction model. METHODS AND RESULTS A moderate-sized LV aneurysm was created by proximal ligation of the left coronary artery in 47 Lewis rats. Four weeks later, they(More)