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PIN-FORMED 1 (PIN1) is an important secondary transporter and determines the direction of intercellular auxin flow. As PIN1 performs the conserved function of auxin transport, it is expected that the sequence and structure of PIN1 is conserved. Therefore, we hypothesized that PIN1 evolve under pervasive purifying selection in the protein-coding sequences in(More)
An association has been reported between miR-34a-5p and several types of cancer. Specifically, in this study, using systematic observations of multi-drug sensitive (G-292 and MG63.2) and resistant (SJSA-1 and MNNG/HOS) osteosarcoma (OS) cell lines, we showed that miR-34a-5p promotes the multi-drug resistance of OS through the receptor tyrosine kinase CD117,(More)
Nectar is a primary nutrient reward for a variety of pollinators. Recent studies have demonstrated that nectar also has defensive functions against microbial invasion. In this study, the Liriodendron tulipifera nectary was first examined by scanning electron microscopy, and then the nectar was analyzed by two-dimensional gel electrophoresis and liquid(More)
MicroRNAs have been identified as key players in the development and progression of osteosarcoma, which is the most common primary malignancy of bone. Sequencing-based miR-omic and quantitative real-time PCR analyses suggested that the expression of miR-193a-3p and miR-193a-5p was decreased by DNA methylation at their promoter region in a highly metastatic(More)
Chemoresistance hinders curative cancer chemotherapy in osteosarcoma (OS), resulting in only an approximately 20 % survival rate in patients with metastatic disease at diagnosis. Identifying the mechanisms responsible for regulating chemotherapy resistance is crucial for improving OS treatment. This study was performed in two human OS cell lines (the(More)
The transcription factor SlZFP2 (Solanum lycopersicum Zinc Finger Protein 2) regulates ABA biosynthesis during fruit development. To reveal the regulatory network of this transcription factor, we conducted a high-throughput RNA-seq to identify differentially expressed genes in 2 dpa (days post anthesis) fruits from a representative RNAi line in Solanum(More)
The researches on yak genetics and breeding were extremely restricted due to lacking of reliable DNA molecular markers. The microsatellites with repeat motif (AC)n/(GT)n in yak genome were enriched by Dynal magnetic beads and the gene libraries containing (AC)n/(GT)n were constructed. Among the 92 identified and sequenced positive clones, 40 contained(More)