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BACKGROUND Recent profile studies of microRNA (miRNA) expression have documented a deregulation of miRNA (miR-124) in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). OBJECTIVE To determine the status of miR-124 expression and its underlying mechanisms in the pathogenesis of HCC. METHODS The expression levels of miR-124 were first examined in HCC cell lines and tumour(More)
Known challenges for petascale machines are that (1) the costs of I/O for high performance applications can be substantial, especially for output tasks like checkpointing, and (2) noise from I/O actions can inject undesirable delays into the runtimes of such codes on individual compute nodes. This paper introduces the flexible 'DataStager' framework for(More)
Peta-scale scientific applications running on High End Computing (HEC) platforms can generate large volumes of data. For high performance storage and in order to be useful to science end users, such data must be organized in its layout, indexed, sorted, and otherwise manipulated for subsequent data presentation, visualization, and detailed analysis. In(More)
Since IO performance on HPC machines strongly depends on machine characteristics and configuration, it is important to carefully tune IO libraries and make good use of appropriate library APIs. For instance, on current petascale machines, independent IO tends to outperform collective IO, in part due to bottlenecks at the metadata server. The problem is(More)
OBJECTIVE The purpose of this study was to compare the inflammatory response after implantation of Pelvicol with Prolene in a rat model. STUDY DESIGN Full-thickness abdominal wall defects were created in 64 Wistar rats, and reconstructed with either Pelvicol or Prolene. Animals were sacrificed on days 7, 14, 30, and 90 to evaluate the presence of(More)
The close vicinity of cancer cells undergoing epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) and tumor-associated macrophages (TAMs) at the invasive front of tumors suggests that these two cell type may mutually interact. We show that mesenchymal-like breast cancer cells activate macrophages to a TAM-like phenotype by GM-CSF. Reciprocally, CCL18 from TAMs induces(More)
Extracellular protons inhibit N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) receptors with an IC50 value in the physiological pH range. To identify the molecular determinants of proton sensitivity, we used scanning mutagenesis of the NR1 subunit to search for residues that control proton inhibition of NMDA receptors. Homology modeling of the extracellular domains suggested(More)
Significant challenges exist for achieving peak or even consistent levels of performance when using IO systems at scale. They stem from sharing IO system resources across the processes of single largescale applications and/or multiple simultaneous programs causing internal and external interference, which in turn, causes substantial reductions in IO(More)
This report describes the behavioral and electrophysiological analysis of regulatable transgenic mice expressing mutant repeat domains of human Tau (Tau(RD)). Mice were generated to express Tau(RD) in two forms, differing in their propensity for β-structure and thus in their tendency for aggregation ("pro-aggregant" or "anti-aggregant") (Mocanu et al.,(More)
Muscarinic acetylcholine receptors are known to play key roles in facilitating cognitive processes. However, the specific roles of the individual muscarinic receptor subtypes (M1-M5) in learning and memory are not well understood at present. In the present study, we used wild-type (M2+/+) and M2 receptor-deficient (M2-/-) mice to examine the potential role(More)