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Here we found that dual mTORC1/2 inhibitor AZD-2014 significantly inhibited RCC cell survival and growth, with higher efficiency than conventional mTORC1 inhibitors rapamycin and RAD001. RCC cell apoptosis was also induced by AZD-2014. AZD-2014 disrupted mTORC1/2 assembly and activation, while downregulating HIF-1α/2α and cyclin D1 expressions in RCC cells.(More)
Unregulated cellular proliferation, caused by mutation or dysregulation of growth-promoting proteins, is an underlying cause of cancer. Many such growth-promoting proteins exhibit an increased dependence on the activity of the chaperone heat-shock protein 90 (Hsp90) for correct folding and maturation in the cell. One can therefore envision that inhibition(More)
BACKGROUND AND AIMS Recent studies suggest that cancer stem cells (CSC) may be responsible for tumorigenesis and contribute to some individuals' resistance to cancer therapy. Although research is rapidly advancing in this field, to our knowledge there are few published reports about the CSC in human nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC). We undertook this study to(More)
Calcineurin is composed of a catalytic subunit A (CNA) and a regulatory subunit B (CNB). In addition to the catalytic core, CNA further contains three non-catalytic domains--CNB binding domain (BBH), calmodulin binding domain (CBD), and autoinhibitory domain (AI). To investigate the effect of these three domains on the activity of CNA, we have constructed(More)
The use of statistical modeling to test hypotheses concerning the determinants of protein structure requires stability data (e.g., the free energy of denaturation in H(2)O, DeltaG(HOH)) from hundreds of protein mutants. Fluorescence-monitored chemical denaturation provides a convenient method for high-precision, high-throughput DeltaG(HOH) determination.(More)
The first bionic membrane sensor based on triboelectrification is reported for self-powered physiological and behavioral measurements such as local internal body pressures for non-invasive human health assessment. The sensor can also be for self-powered anti-interference throat voice recording and recognition, as well as high-accuracy multimodal biometric(More)
In this study, we performed immunohistochemistry for somatostatin (SS), neuropeptide Y (NPY), and parvalbumin (PV) in LiCl-pilocarpine-treated rats to observe quantitative changes and axonal sprouting of GABAergic interneurons in the hippocampus, especially in the sclerotic hippocampus. Fluoro-Jade B (FJB) was performed to detect the specific degeneration(More)
Mitochondrial dysfunction is implicated in pathogenesis of Parkinson’s disease (PD). Lycopene, a member of the carotenoid family of phytochemicals, exerts its neuroprotective effects by reducing oxidative damage and improving mitochondrial function in several experimental models. In an attempt to clarify the protective effect of lycopene on toxin-insulted(More)
Molecules specifically designed to modulate protein-protein interactions have tremendous potential as novel therapeutic agents. One important anticancer target is the chaperone Hsp90, whose activity is essential for the folding of many oncogenic proteins, including HER2, IGFIR, AKT, RAF-1, and FLT-3. Here we report the design and characterization of new(More)
Calcineurin (CaN) is a heterodimer composed of a catalytic subunit A (CaNA) and a regulatory subunit B (CaNB). We report here an active truncated mutation of the rat CaNAdelta that contains only the catalytic domain (residues 1-347, also known as a/CaNA). The p-nitrophenyl phosphatase activity and protein phosphatase activity of a/CaNA were higher than that(More)