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A conditioning lesion to peripheral axons of primary sensory neurons accelerates regeneration of their central axons in vivo or neurite outgrowth if the neurons are grown in vitro. Previous evidence has implicated neuropoietic cytokines and also cyclic AMP in regenerative conditioning. In experiments reported here, delivery through a lentivirus vector of(More)
Lichenysin is a biodegradable surfactant with huge potential for recovering crude oil from the oil reservoir. The current production of lichenysin is made through fermentation from wild strain of Bacillus licheniformis, which is limited by low yield. The aim of this work was to improve lichenysin-producing capability of a wide strain B. licheniformis WX-02.(More)
Skeletal muscle stem cell-derived myoblasts are mainly responsible for postnatal muscle growth and injury-induced muscle regeneration. However, the cellular signaling pathways controlling the proliferation and differentiation of myoblasts are not fully understood. We demonstrate that Janus kinase 1 (JAK1) is required for myoblast proliferation and that it(More)
Here we demonstrate the crucial role of CKS1B in multiple myeloma (MM) progression and define CKS1B-mediated SKP2/p27(Kip1)-independent down-stream signaling pathways. Forced-expression of CKS1B in MM cells increased cell multidrug-resistance. CKS1B activates STAT3 and MEK/ERK pathways. In contrast, SKP2 knockdown or p27(Kip1) over-expression resulted in(More)
BACKGROUND Most cases of ovarian cancer are epithelial in origin and diagnosed at advanced stage when the cancer is widely disseminated in the peritoneal cavity. The objective of this study was to establish an immunocompetent syngeneic mouse model of disseminated epithelial ovarian cancer (EOC) to facilitate laboratory-based studies of ovarian tumor biology(More)
MicroRNAs are small, non-coding RNA molecules that regulate gene expression, and miR-124 is the most abundant miRNA in the brain. Studies have shown that miR-124 is clearly reduced in the ischemic brain after stroke; however, the role of miR-124 after stroke is less well studied. Using TargetScan, MicroCosm Targets version 5, and microRNA.org databases, we(More)
Type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM) is an autoimmune disease caused by immune-mediated destruction of insulin-secreting β cells of the pancreas. Near complete dependence on exogenous insulin makes T1DM very difficult to control, with the result that patients are exposed to high blood glucose and risk of diabetic complications and/or intermittent low blood(More)
Nb, F-codoped TiO2 hollow spheres (NFTSs) were successfully synthesized via a hydrothermal method with niobium oxide, hydrofluoric acid, and tetrabutyl titanate. The obtained spheres were hollow, with a diameter of about 2 μm, and the sphere wall was made up of nanorods arranged close together. The NFTSs presented anatase phase with more {001} facets(More)
Hexavalent chromium [Cr(VI)] has become a non-negligible pollutant in the world. Cr(VI) exposure leads to severe damage to the liver, but the mechanisms involved in Cr(VI)-mediated toxicity in the liver are unclear. The present study aimed to explore whether Cr(VI) induces energy metabolism disturbance and cell cycle arrest in human L-02 hepatocytes. We(More)
Autoimmune hypoglycemia, also called insulin autoimmune syndrome (IAS), was first reported by Hirata and Ishizu [1] in 1972 in Japan. IAS [2] is characterized by the diagnostic criteria of spontaneous hypoglycemia without evidence of exogenous insulin administration, high levels of total immunoreactive insulin, and the presence of a high titer of insulin(More)