Fang Wan

Learn More
Neuropathic pain is the most difficult type of pain to treat. The P2X(3) receptors play a crucial role in facilitating pain transmission at peripheral and spinal sites. The present research investigated the effects of tetramethylpyrazine (TMP) on the primary afferent transmission induced by P2X(3) receptor in neuropathic pain states. Chronic constriction(More)
Neuropathic pain usually is persistent and no effective treatment. ATP plays an important role in the initiation of pain. P2X(3) receptors are localized in the dorsal root ganglion (DRG) neurons and activated by extracellular ATP. Sodium ferulate (SF) is an active principle from Chinese herbal medicine and has anti-inflammatory activities. This study(More)
Adenosine 5'-triphosphate (ATP) is implicated in peripheral pain signaling through activation of P2X receptors. P2X(3) receptors have a high level of expression in, and selective location on sensory afferents. P2X receptors, particularly the P2X(3) subtype, are identified as targets for novel analgesics. The stellate ganglion (SG) is peripheral sympathetic(More)
Temperature is a primary factor that determines geographic insect boundaries and population developments. Insect responses to temperature stress are particularly important in invasive species. Bemisia tabaci is a genetic complex of closely related whiteflies. Invasive and indigenous species were used to test genotype responses to temperature stress. To(More)
—This paper present a new simplification algorithm named EQEM which is based on the QEM algorithm to simplify geometry model with texture. The algorithm used a new framework to integrate geometry and texture factor into simplification process. In the framework, an error metric descriptor is described in detail. Firstly, Gauss curvature of the vertex should(More)
Bactrocera (Tetradacus) minax Enderlein is a major pest to wild and cultivated species of citrus. Bactrocera minax produces one generation per year with a long pupal diapause period of over 6 months, which hinders efforts to obtain vast numbers of insects under standard room conditions. Determining the mechanisms of diapause is significantly important for(More)
BACKGROUND Application of artificial ligament in anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction is one of the research focuses of sports medicine but the biological tendon-bone healing still remains a problem. The preliminary study of hydroxyapatite (HAP) coating on the polyethylene terephthalate (PET) surface could effectively induce the osteoblast(More)
The purpose of this study was to conduct a cone-beam computed tomographic (CBCT) investigation on the root and canal configuration of the mandibular first molars, especially the morphology of the disto-lingual (DL) root, in a Chinese subpopulation. A total of 910 CBCT images of the mandibular first molars were collected from 455 patients who underwent CBCT(More)
Panaxatriol saponins (PTS), the main components extracted from Panax notoginseng, have been shown to be efficacious in the prevention and treatment of cerebrovascular diseases in China. NF-E2-related factor 2 (Nrf2), a transcription factor regulating antioxidant and cytoprotective responses to oxidative stress, has received particular attention as a(More)