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Macroautophagy (autophagy) is crucial for cell survival during starvation and plays important roles in animal development and human diseases. Molecular understanding of autophagy has mainly come from the budding yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae, and it remains unclear to what extent the mechanisms are the same in other organisms. Here, through screening the(More)
Although the fission yeast Schizosaccharomyces pombe is a well-established model organism, studies of natural trait variations in this species remain limited. To assess the feasibility of segregant-pool-based mapping of phenotype-causing genes in natural strains of fission yeast, we investigated the cause of a maltose utilization defect (Mal(-)) of the S.(More)
Non-homologous end joining (NHEJ) is an important mechanism for repairing DNA double-strand breaks (DSBs). The fission yeast Schizosaccharomyces pombe has a conserved set of NHEJ factors including Ku, DNA ligase IV, Xlf1, and Pol4. Their roles in chromosomal DSB repair have not been directly characterized before. Here we used HO endonuclease to create a(More)
DNA double-strand breaks (DSBs) are a major threat to genome integrity. Proteins involved in DNA damage checkpoint signaling and DSB repair often relocalize and concentrate at DSBs. Here, we used an ORFeome library of the fission yeast Schizosaccharomyces pombe to systematically identify proteins targeted to DSBs. We found 51 proteins that, when expressed(More)
The TTAA-specific transposon piggyBac (PB), originally isolated from the cabbage looper moth, Trichoplusia ni, has been utilized as an insertional mutagenesis tool in various eukaryotic organisms. Here, we show that PB transposes in the fission yeast Schizosaccharomyces pombe and leaves almost no footprints. We developed a PB-based mutagenesis system for S.(More)
Genetic factors underlying aging are remarkably conserved from yeast to human. The fission yeast Schizosaccharomyces pombe is an emerging genetic model to analyze cellular aging. Chronological lifespan (CLS) has been studied in stationary-phase yeast cells depleted for glucose, which only survive for a few days. Here, we analyzed CLS in quiescent S. pombe(More)
Nonhomologous end joining (NHEJ) is the main means for repairing DNA double-strand breaks (DSBs) in human cells. Molecular understanding of NHEJ has benefited from analyses in the budding yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae and the fission yeast Schizosaccharomyces pombe. In human cells, the DNA ligation reaction of the classical NHEJ pathway is carried out by a(More)
A robust super-resolution reconstruction algorithm with Huber norm and bilateral total variation is proposed in this paper. The Huber norm is adopted for data fidelity term instead of L1 or L2 norm to improve robustness to outliers. And also an adaptive method updating the regularization parameter simultaneously with the restored image is proposed. Compared(More)
Heavy metals and metalloids such as cadmium [Cd(II)] and arsenic [As(III)] are widespread environmental toxicants responsible for multiple adverse health effects in humans. However, the molecular mechanisms underlying metal-induced cytotoxicity and carcinogenesis, as well as the detoxification and tolerance pathways, are incompletely understood. Here, we(More)
The action of DNA topoisomerase II (Top2) creates transient DNA breaks that are normally concealed inside Top2-DNA covalent complexes. Top2 poisons, including ubiquitously present natural compounds and clinically used anti-cancer drugs, trap Top2-DNA complexes. Here, we show that cells actively prevent Top2 degradation to avoid the exposure of concealed DNA(More)
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