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In time of arrival (TOA) estimation of received ultra-wideband (UWB) pulses, traditional maximum likelihood (ML) and generalized likelihood estimators become impractical because they require sampling at the Nyquist rate. Sub-Nyquist ML-based TOA estimation currently assumes a priori knowledge of the UWB channels in the form of the average power delay(More)
A novel joint TOA and AOA estimator is proposed for impulse radio Ultra-Wideband (IR-UWB) systems, in which a uniform linear array of antennas is employed at the receiver. The proposed method consists of two steps: (1) coarse estimation of the TOA and the average power delay profile; (2) joint TOA refinement and AOA estimation by maximization of a novel log(More)
Sub-Nyquist maximum likelihood (ML)-based time of arrival (TOA) estimation methods for ultra-wideband (UWB) signals normally assume a priori knowledge of the UWB channel in the form of the average power delay profile (APDP). In practice however, and despite its importance, the APDP is not always available. To address this issue, we develop in this paper a(More)
We present a joint estimator of the time-of-arrival (TOA) and angle-of-arrival (AOA) for impulse radio ultra-wideband (IR-UWB) localization systems in which an antenna array is employed at the receiver and multiuser (MUI) interference exists. The proposed method includes 3 steps: (1) time-alignment and averaging to reduce the power level of the MUI and(More)
In this paper, an efficient MPEG video encryption scheme is presented by employing chaotic cipher. In order to provide video content protection, first, selective encryption is completed by encrypting Fixed Length Codeword (FLC), using proposed chaotic stream cipher. Then, for each frame, macro block shuffling is executed in video bit stream, using(More)