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Galvanic vestibular stimulation (GVS) can be used to study the body's response to vestibular stimuli. This study aimed to investigate whether postural responses to GVS were different between pilots and the general populace. Bilateral bipolar GVS was applied with a constant-current profile to 12 pilots and 12 control subjects via two electrodes placed over(More)
A novel cell-targeting, near-infrared light-responsive drug delivery platform based on mesoporous silica-coated gold nanorods that are surface-functionalized with aptamer DNA is constructed. Aptamer DNA is used as both capping and targeting agent. In vitro studies show the feasibility of using this nanocarrier for targeted and noninvasive remote controlled(More)
INTRODUCTION Vestibular illusions are the most common illusions that can cause spatial disorientation in flight. This study aims to find out whether and how the ability of keeping arm-hand posture is affected by the vestibular illusions induced by galvanic vestibular stimulation (GVS). METHODS With their heads and trunks firmly fixed, 16 subjects(More)
Previous neuroimaging studies have suggested that cerebral changes over normal aging are not simply characterized by regional alterations, but rather by the reorganization of cortical connectivity patterns. The investigation of structural covariance networks (SCNs) using voxel-based morphometry is an advanced approach to examining the pattern of covariance(More)
It has been widely observed that atherosclerotic stenosis occurs at sites with complex hemodynamics, such as arteries with high curvature or bifurcations. These regions usually have very low or highly oscillatory wall shear stress (WSS). In the present study, 3D sinusoidally pulsatile blood flow through the models of internal carotid artery (ICA) with(More)
A novel proton-fueled molecular gate-like delivery system has been constructed for controlled cargo release using i-motif quadruplex DNA as caps onto pore outlets of mesoporous silica nanoparticles. Start from simple conformation changes, the i-motif DNA cap can open and close the pore system in smart response to pH stimulus. Importantly, the(More)
It has been proposed that a mass transfer phenomenon called concentration polarization of low-density lipoproteins (LDLs) may occur in the arterial system and is likely involved in the localization of atherogenesis. To test the hypothesis that concentration polarization of LDL may be suppressed by the helical flow pattern in the human aorta, hence sparing(More)
A new type of rapid, highly sensitive, and selective fluorescence turn-on assay for detection of cysteine and histidine using a DNA/ligand/ion ensemble is developed. This assay is based on the highly specific interaction between the amino acids and the metal ions and the strong fluorescence thiazole orange (TO)/DNA probe in a competition assay format. The(More)
Due to their unique electric, magnetic, and optical properties, engineered nanostructures have been applied to provide diagnostic, therapeutic, as well as prognostic information about the status of disease. In this study, we report a multifunctional nanoprobe based on PEGylated Gd(2)O(3):Yb(3+), Er(3+) nanorods (denoted as PEG-UCNPs) for in vivo(More)