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Previous neuroimaging studies have suggested that cerebral changes over normal aging are not simply characterized by regional alterations, but rather by the reorganization of cortical connectivity patterns. The investigation of structural covariance networks (SCNs) using voxel-based morphometry is an advanced approach to examining the pattern of covariance(More)
Galvanic vestibular stimulation (GVS) can be used to study the body's response to vestibular stimuli. This study aimed to investigate whether postural responses to GVS were different between pilots and the general populace. Bilateral bipolar GVS was applied with a constant-current profile to 12 pilots and 12 control subjects via two electrodes placed over(More)
A novel cell-targeting, near-infrared light-responsive drug delivery platform based on mesoporous silica-coated gold nanorods that are surface-functionalized with aptamer DNA is constructed. Aptamer DNA is used as both capping and targeting agent. In vitro studies show the feasibility of using this nanocarrier for targeted and noninvasive remote controlled(More)
Head injury is a leading cause of morbidity and death in both industrialized and developing countries. It is estimated that brain injuries account for 15% of the burden of fatalities and disabilities, and represent the leading cause of death in young adults. Brain injury may be caused by an impact or a sudden change in the linear and/or angular velocity of(More)
It has been widely observed that atherosclerotic stenosis occurs at sites with complex hemodynamics, such as arteries with high curvature or bifurcations. These regions usually have very low or highly oscillatory wall shear stress (WSS). In the present study, 3D sinusoidally pulsatile blood flow through the models of internal carotid artery (ICA) with(More)
It has been proposed that a mass transfer phenomenon called concentration polarization of low-density lipoproteins (LDLs) may occur in the arterial system and is likely involved in the localization of atherogenesis. To test the hypothesis that concentration polarization of LDL may be suppressed by the helical flow pattern in the human aorta, hence sparing(More)
A novel proton-fueled molecular gate-like delivery system has been constructed for controlled cargo release using i-motif quadruplex DNA as caps onto pore outlets of mesoporous silica nanoparticles. Start from simple conformation changes, the i-motif DNA cap can open and close the pore system in smart response to pH stimulus. Importantly, the(More)
BACKGROUND Most studies that attempt to clarify structural abnormalities related to functional disconnection in patients with Alzheimer's disease (AD) have focused on exploring pathological changes in cortical gray matter. However, white matter fibers connecting these cerebral areas may also be abnormal. PURPOSE To investigate the regional changes of(More)
Due to their unique electric, magnetic, and optical properties, engineered nanostructures have been applied to provide diagnostic, therapeutic, as well as prognostic information about the status of disease. In this study, we report a multifunctional nanoprobe based on PEGylated Gd(2)O(3):Yb(3+), Er(3+) nanorods (denoted as PEG-UCNPs) for in vivo(More)