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Genetic alterations that promote chromosome missegregation have been proposed to drive tumorigenesis through loss of whole chromosomes containing key tumor suppressor genes. To test this unproven idea, we bred Bub1 mutant mice that inaccurately segregate their chromosomes onto p53(+/-), Apc(Min/+), Rb(+/-), or Pten(+/-) backgrounds. Bub1 insufficiency(More)
We extend the diffuse interface model developed in Wise et al. (2008) to study nonlinear tumor growth in 3-D. Extensions include the tracking of multiple viable cell species populations through a continuum diffuse-interface method, onset and aging of discrete tumor vessels through angiogenesis, and incorporation of individual cell movement using a hybrid(More)
Expression of p16(Ink4a) and p19(Arf) increases with age in both rodent and human tissues. However, whether these tumour suppressors are effectors of ageing remains unclear, mainly because knockout mice lacking p16(Ink4a) or p19(Arf) die early of tumours. Here, we show that skeletal muscle and fat, two tissues that develop early ageing-associated phenotypes(More)
Chromosome missegregation in germ cells is an important cause of unexplained infertility, miscarriages, and congenital birth defects in humans. However, the molecular defects that lead to production of aneuploid gametes are largely unknown. Cdc20, the activating subunit of the anaphase-promoting complex/cyclosome (APC/C), initiates sister-chromatid(More)
Gingival tissue-derived mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) were recently identified and characterized as having multipotential differentiation and immunomodulatory properties in vitro and in vivo, and they represent new postnatal stem cell types for cytotherapy and regenerative medicine. However, the utility of gingival MSCs (GMSCs) as alternatives to(More)
The nonreceptor tyrosine kinase focal adhesion kinase (FAK) is a point of convergence for signals from extracellular matrix, soluble factors, and mechanical stimuli. Targeted disruption of the fak gene in mice leads to death at embryonic day 8.5 (E8.5). FAK-/- embryos have severely impaired blood vessel development. Gene expression and in vitro(More)
Knowledge management has become increasingly critical for the success of companies in this emerging era of e-commerce. As commercial activities tend to conduct on the Internet, the challenge facing corporate management is maintaining competitive edge by building strong relationship with employees, customers and suppliers. A good knowledge management(More)
Most transformed cells have lost anchorage and serum dependence for growth and survival. Previously, we established that when serum is absent, fibronectin survival signals transduced by focal adhesion kinase (FAK), suppress p53-regulated apoptosis in primary fibroblasts and endothelial cells (Ili et al., 1998. J. Cell Biol. 143:547–560). The present goals(More)
BACKGROUND INFORMATION Although the mechanism of cementogenesis is an area full of debate, the DFCs (dental follicle cells) are thought to be the precursors of cementoblasts. At the onset of cementogenesis, DFCs come into contact with the root dentin surface and undergo subsequent differentiation. But the exact effects of dentin or dentin matrix on DFCs(More)