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Genetic alterations that promote chromosome missegregation have been proposed to drive tumorigenesis through loss of whole chromosomes containing key tumor suppressor genes. To test this unproven idea, we bred Bub1 mutant mice that inaccurately segregate their chromosomes onto p53(+/-), Apc(Min/+), Rb(+/-), or Pten(+/-) backgrounds. Bub1 insufficiency(More)
Expression of p16(Ink4a) and p19(Arf) increases with age in both rodent and human tissues. However, whether these tumour suppressors are effectors of ageing remains unclear, mainly because knockout mice lacking p16(Ink4a) or p19(Arf) die early of tumours. Here, we show that skeletal muscle and fat, two tissues that develop early ageing-associated phenotypes(More)
We extend the diffuse interface model developed in Wise et al. (2008) to study nonlinear tumor growth in 3-D. Extensions include the tracking of multiple viable cell species populations through a continuum diffuse-interface method, onset and aging of discrete tumor vessels through angiogenesis, and incorporation of individual cell movement using a hybrid(More)
Characterizing information diffusion on social platforms like Twitter enables us to understand the properties of underlying media and model communication patterns. As Twitter gains in popularity, it has also become a venue to broadcast rumors and misinformation. We use epidemiological models to characterize information cascades in twitter resulting from(More)
The nonreceptor tyrosine kinase focal adhesion kinase (FAK) is a point of convergence for signals from extracellular matrix, soluble factors, and mechanical stimuli. Targeted disruption of the fak gene in mice leads to death at embryonic day 8.5 (E8.5). FAK-/- embryos have severely impaired blood vessel development. Gene expression and in vitro(More)
With respect to multiple attribute group decision making (MAGDM) problems in which the attribute weights and the expert weights take the form of real numbers and the attribute values take the form of intuitionistic uncertain linguistic variables, new group decision making methods have been developed. First, operational laws, expected value definitions,(More)
Chromosome missegregation in germ cells is an important cause of unexplained infertility, miscarriages, and congenital birth defects in humans. However, the molecular defects that lead to production of aneuploid gametes are largely unknown. Cdc20, the activating subunit of the anaphase-promoting complex/cyclosome (APC/C), initiates sister-chromatid(More)
Proliferation and differentiation of muscle stem cells must be tightly regulated by intrinsic and extrinsic signals for effective regeneration and adaptive response. MicroRNAs have been implicated as potent regulators in diverse biological processes at the level of posttranscriptional repression. In this study, we found that miR-146a was significantly(More)
Cadherins are calcium-dependent, cell surface glycoproteins involved in cell-cell adhesion. To function in cell-cell adhesion, the transmembrane cadherin molecule must be associated with the cytoskeleton via cytoplasmic proteins known as catenins. Three catenins, α-catenin, β-catenin and γ-catenin (also known as plakoglobin), have been identified. β-catenin(More)
Most transformed cells have lost anchorage and serum dependence for growth and survival. Previously, we established that when serum is absent, fibronectin survival signals transduced by focal adhesion kinase (FAK), suppress p53-regulated apoptosis in primary fibroblasts and endothelial cells (Ili et al., 1998. J. Cell Biol. 143:547–560). The present goals(More)