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Phosphatase and tensin homolog deleted on chromosome 10 (PTEN) is one of the most frequently mutated human tumor suppressor genes. The present study aims to investigate the role of PTEN mutation in breast carcinogenesis by analyzing PTEN mutation spectrum and the protein expression in breast cancers, adjacent hyperplastic lesions, benign breast lesions and(More)
The prooxidant effect of hydroxycinnamic acids (HCAs), i.e., caffeic acid (CaA), chlorogenic acid (ChA), sinapic acid (SA), ferulic acid (FA), 3-hydroxycinnamic acid (3-HCA) and 4-hydroxycinnamic acid (4-HCA) on supercoiled pBR322 plasmid DNA strand breakage and calf thymus DNA damage in the presence of Cu(II) ions has been studied. It was found that the(More)
Curcumin is a naturally occurring phenolic compound isolated as a yellow pigment from turmeric (curcuma longa). This compound has received much attention due to its diversity of biological and pharmacological activities. The purpose of this study was to assess the effect of curcumin on porcine coronary arteries and to investigate the mechanism of its(More)
The synergistic antioxidant effect of polyphenols extracted from green tea, i.e. (-)-epicatechin (EC), (-)-epigallocatechin (EGC), (-)-epicatechin gallate (ECG), (-)-epigallocatechin gallate (EGCG) and gallic acid (GA), with alpha-tocopherol (vitamin E) and L-ascorbic acid (vitamin C) against the peroxidation of linoleic acid has been studied in sodium(More)
Resveratrol (3,5,4'-trihydroxy-trans-stilbene, 3,5,4'-THS) is a well-known natural antioxidant and cancer chemopreventive agent that has attracted much interest in the past decade. To find a more active antioxidant and investigate the antioxidative mechanism with resveratrol as the lead compound, we synthesized 3,5-dihydroxy-trans-stilbene (3,5-DHS),(More)
Five hydroxylated phenanthrenes as "cis-configuration-fixed" resveratrol analogues differing in the number and position of the hydroxyl groups were designed and synthesized. Their antioxidant activity was studied by ferric reducing antioxidant power, 2,2-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl free radical-scavenging, and DNA strand breakage-inhibiting assays,(More)
Curcumin (1,7-bis(4-hydroxy-3-methoxyphenyl)-1,6-heptadiene-3,5-dione, 1) is a yellow ingredient isolated from turmeric (curcumin longa). Many health benefits have been claimed for curcumin, and these have generally been ascribed to its radical-trapping antioxidant properties. In order to find more active antioxidants with 1 as the lead compound, we(More)
In order to better understand the role of cold acclimation in alleviating freezing injury, two barley cultivars with different cold tolerance, i.e. a sensitive cv. Chumai 1 and a tolerant cv. Mo 103, were used. The freezing treatment increased leaf soluble protein content more in the tolerant cultivar than in the sensitive one. Cold acclimation increased(More)
Resveratrol is the subject of intense research as a natural antioxidant and cancer chemopreventive agent. There has been a great deal of interest and excitement in understanding its action mechanism and developing analogs with antioxidant and cancer chemoprevention activities superior to that of the parent compound in the past decade. This work delineates(More)