Fang-Chen Liang

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PURPOSE Grayscale analysis is a practical, objective, and easy way to quantify echogenicity during ultrasonography. The purpose of the current study was to measure the changes in thickness and echogenicity that result from aging of the rotator cuff and long head of the biceps tendons. METHODS The study comprised 45 volunteers, aged between 20 and 84 years(More)
Symptomatic tendinopathy tends to be age-related. However, the molecular mechanisms of ageing and its effects on tenocyte proliferation and cell cycle progression are unknown. We examined tenocytes from Achilles tendons in rats from three age groups (young, 2 months; middle-aged, 12 months, and near senescence, 24 months). Tenocyte proliferation was(More)
The aim of this study was to evaluate immunity in HIV-uninfected children with bacille Calmette–Guerin-induced disease (BCG-ID) over an 8-year period, with particular emphasis on underlying diseases. Patient afflicted with BCG-ID proven by clinical courses, dermatologic features, pathology, specific polymerase chain reaction, and/or spoligotyping were(More)
The incidence of primary immunodeficiency diseases (PIDD) in Taiwan is estimated at 2.17 per 100,000 live births. This is much lower than in Sweden, with 8.4 per 100,000 live births. Patients with critical combined T-cell and B-cell immunodeficiency (CID) seem to be under-diagnosed because of delayed referrals to a tertiary care center which is able to(More)
BACKGROUND Diabetes mellitus is associated with tendinopathy or tendon injuries. However, the mechanism underlying diabetic tendinopathy is unclear. The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of high glucose concentrations on the activity and expression of matrix metalloproteinases, type I collagen, and type III collagen in tendon cells. METHODS(More)
Low-level laser therapy (LLLT) is commonly used to treat sports-related tendinopathy or tendon injury. Tendon healing requires tenocyte migration to the repair site, followed by proliferation and synthesis of the extracellular matrix. This study was designed to determine the effect of laser on tenocyte migration. Furthermore, the correlation between this(More)
Ultrasound is a therapeutic agent commonly used to treat sports-related musculoskeletal conditions, including tendon injuries or tendinopathy. Despite the widespread popularity of therapeutic ultrasound, few clinical studies have proved its efficacy. Several animal studies have been conducted to explore its effectiveness. In addition, a number of in vitro(More)
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