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TP-38 is a recombinant chimeric targeted toxin composed of the EGFR binding ligand TGF-α and a genetically engineered form of the Pseudomonas exotoxin, PE-38. After in vitro and in vivo animal studies that showed specific activity and defined the maximum tolerated dose (MTD), we investigated this agent in a Phase I trial. The primary objective of this study(More)
Angiogenesis plays important roles in many physiologic and pathologic processes in the body. To understand mechanisms of angiogenesis, we developed a mathematical model for quantitative analysis of various biological events involved in angiogenesis. Our model was focused on two-dimensional angiogenesis in the cornea. The model considered diffusion of(More)
BACKGROUND Delivery of anticancer therapeutic agents to solid tumors is problematic. Macromolecular drug carriers are an attractive alternative drug delivery method because they appear to target tumors and have limited toxicity in normal tissues. We investigated how molecular weight influences the accumulation of a model macromolecular drug carrier, dextran(More)
TP-38 is a recombinant chimeric targeted toxin composed of the EGFR binding ligand TGF-alpha and a genetically engineered form of the Pseudomonas exotoxin, PE-38. After in vitro and in vivo animal studies that showed specific activity and defined the maximum tolerated dose (MTD), we investigated this agent in a Phase I trial. The primary objective of this(More)
Pulsed electric field has been widely used as a nonviral gene delivery platform. The delivery efficiency can be improved through quantitative analysis of pore dynamics and intracellular transport of plasmid DNA. To this end, we investigated mechanisms of cellular uptake of macromolecules during electroporation. In the study, fluorescein(More)
Intratumoral injection is a routine method for local viral gene delivery that may improve interstitial transport of viral vectors in tumor tissues and reduce systemic toxicity. However, the concentration of transgene products in normal organs, such as in the liver, may still exceed normal tissue tolerance if the products are highly toxic. The elevated(More)
Efficiency of intratumoral infusion for drug and gene delivery depends on intrinsic tissue structures as well as infusion-induced changes in these structures. To this end, we investigated effects of infusion pressure (P inf) and infusion-induced tissue deformation on infusion rate (Q) in three mouse tumor models (B16.F10, 4T1, and U87) and developed a(More)
To quantitatively evaluate the extravasation, accumulation and selectivity to tumor tissues of liposomal vincristine (LV), dorsal skin-fold window chambers on athymic mice with or without LX-1, a human small cell lung cancer, xenograft implants and fluorescent intravital microscopy imaging were used. In vitro studies show that minimal loss of fluorescence(More)
The intratumoral field, which determines the efficiency of electric field-mediated drug and gene delivery, can differ significantly from the applied field. Therefore, we investigated the distribution of the electric field in mouse tumors and tissue phantoms exposed to a large range of electric stimuli, and quantified the resistances of tumor, skin, and(More)
Magneto-optic (MO) imaging produces images of magnetic flux leakage from surface and sub-surface defects. The presence of domain boundaries in the MO sensor produces a characteristic artefact in the images that renders detection of cracks difficult. This paper presents two different approaches for the removal of domain boundaries in MO images. The first(More)