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To date, most quantitative information on tumor angiogenesis, micro-circulation, and transport has been derived from rodent tumors grown in transparent chamber preparations. In this paper we present a chamber technique adapted to immunodeficient mice for the study of human tumor xenografts. Microcirculatory parameters in severe combined im-munodeficient(More)
Magneto-optic (MO) imaging produces images of magnetic flux leakage from surface and sub-surface defects. The presence of domain boundaries in the MO sensor produces a characteristic artefact in the images that renders detection of cracks difficult. This paper presents two different approaches for the removal of domain boundaries in MO images. The first(More)
TP-38 is a recombinant chimeric targeted toxin composed of the EGFR binding ligand TGF-alpha and a genetically engineered form of the Pseudomonas exotoxin, PE-38. After in vitro and in vivo animal studies that showed specific activity and defined the maximum tolerated dose (MTD), we investigated this agent in a Phase I trial. The primary objective of this(More)
The goal of this investigation was to measure changes in vascular permeability, pore cutoff size, and number of transvascular transport pathways as a function of time and in response to vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), placenta growth factor (PlGF-1 and PlGF-2), or basic fibroblast growth factor (bFGF). Two human and two murine tumors were(More)
PURPOSE An intracanalicular scaffold (Hydrus microstent) designed to reduce intraocular pressure as a glaucoma treatment was tested in human anterior segments to determine changes in outflow facility (C). METHODS Human eyes with no history of ocular disease or surgeries were perfused within 49 hours of death. The anterior segments were isolated and(More)
Electric field mediated gene delivery or electrotransfection is a widely used method in various studies ranging from basic cell biology research to clinical gene therapy. Yet, mechanisms of electrotransfection are still controversial. To this end, we investigated the dependence of electrotransfection efficiency (eTE) on binding of plasmid DNA (pDNA) to(More)
BACKGROUND To investigate the association between estimated trans-lamina cribrosa pressure difference (TLCPD) and prevalence of normal tension glaucoma (NTG) with low-teen and high-teen intraocular pressure (IOP) using a population-based study design. METHODS A total of 12,743 adults (≥ 40 years of age) who participated in the Korean National Health and(More)
Lowering intraocular pressure (IOP) delays or prevents the loss of vision in primary open-angle glaucoma (POAG) patients with high IOP and in those with normal tension glaucoma showing progression. Abundant evidence demonstrates that inhibition of contractile machinery of the trabecular meshwork cells is an effective method to lower IOP. However, the(More)
Pulsed electric fields can enhance interstitial transport of plasmid DNA (pDNA) in solid tumors. However, the extent of enhancement is still limited. To this end, the effects of cellular resistance to electric field-mediated gene delivery were investigated. The investigation used two tumor cell lines (4T1 (a murine mammary carcinoma) and B16.F10 (a(More)
PURPOSE One of the current limitations in developing novel glaucoma drugs that target the trabecular meshwork (TM) is the induced corneal toxicity from eyedrop formulations. To avoid the corneal toxicity, an alternative approach would be to deliver TM drugs through the sclera. To this end, we quantified ex vivo diffusion coefficient of a potential TM drug,(More)