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BACKGROUND/AIMS although numerous studies have explored the mechanisms regulating the enzyme activity of NADPH oxidase in diabetic nephropathy (DN), little information is available for the contribution of microRNAs (miRNAs) to the regulation of NADPH oxidase expression. Therefore, the present study was to test whether miRNAs importantly contribute to the(More)
OBJECTIVE Endostatin (EST) was found to initiate a redox signaling cascade associated with activation of NADPH oxidase in endothelial cells (ECs). The present study tested whether EST stimulates clustering of ceramide-enriched lipid rafts (LRs), which assembles and activates NADPH oxidase to form redox signaling platforms. METHODS AND RESULTS Using(More)
It is known that the depth of focus (DOF) of the human eye can be affected by the higher order aberrations. We estimated the optimal combinations of primary and secondary Zernike spherical aberration to expand the DOF and evaluated their efficiency in real eyes using an adaptive optics system. The ratio between increased DOF and loss of visual acuity was(More)
Although the innate immune response to induce postischemic inflammation is considered as an essential step in the progression of cerebral ischemia injury, the role of innate immunity mediator NLRP3 in the pathogenesis of ischemic stroke is unknown. In this study, focal ischemia was induced by middle cerebral artery occlusion in NLRP3(-/-), NOX2(-/-), or(More)
Liver-specific microRNA-122 (miR-122) is involved in the replication of hepatitis C virus (HCV) and its potential as a target for antiviral intervention was recently assessed. However, the use of circulating miR-122 in the evaluation of liver function has never been reported. In the present study, changes of serum miRNA levels were first evaluated in acute(More)
The inflammatory responses accompanying stroke are recognized to contribute to secondary ischemic injury. TIPE2 is a very recently identified negative regulator of inflammation that maintains immune homeostasis. However, it is unknown whether TIPE2 is expressed in the brain and contributes to the regulation of cerebral diseases. In this study, we explored(More)
Progranulin (PGRN), an autocrine growth factor, has multiple physiological functions and is widely involved in the pathogenesis of many types of diseases. The pivotal anti-inflammatory function of PGRN in rheumatoid arthritis encouraged us to examine the role of PGRN in acute kidney injury (AKI). We found that levels of PGRN were significantly reduced in(More)
The distant heat induced by suspended moxibustion (SM) for 40 min is confirmed to have a favorable effect in treating diseases such as ischemic brain injury in the clinical setting, but its precise mechanism remains to be explained. Since a similar reaction to the phenomenon of distant heat is found in some transient middle cerebral artery occlusion (tMCAO)(More)
Recent studies have indicated that lipid rafts (LRs) in the cell membrane are clustered in response to different stimuli to form signaling platforms for transmembrane transduction. It remains unknown whether this LR clustering participates in redox signaling in endothelial cells. The present study tested a hypothesis that clustering of LRs on the membrane(More)
This study examined the role of acid sphingomyelinase (ASM) and its redox amplification in mediating the formation of lipid raft (LR) redox signaling platforms in coronary arterial endothelial cells (CAECs). Using small interference RNA (siRNA) of ASM, Fas ligand (FasL)-induced increase in ASM activity, production of ceramide, and LR clustering in CAECs(More)