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Maintaining living ex situ collections is one of the key conservation methods in botanic gardens worldwide. Despite of the existence of many other conservation approaches used nowadays, it offers for many endangered plants an important insurance policy for the future, especially for rare and threatened relict trees. The aim of this research was to(More)
The aim of this study was to elucidate the thickness of the septal cartilage relating to septal advancement surgery. Fourteen Korean adult cadavers were used. A rectangular coordinate was used, with the x-axis horizontal on the maxillary crest and the y-axis a vertical right angle to the x-axis on the anterior nasal spine. The length and the height of the(More)
This study aimed to observe the relationship between the number of myofibroblasts, the tensile strength of the breast implant capsule, and the degree of breast capsular contracture. The study enrolled 21 women with 31 capsular contractures after aesthetic breast augmentation. The capsular tissue specimens were obtained during capsulectomy, open capsulotomy,(More)
The aim of this study was to evaluate the demographics and treatment of facial lacerations in pediatric patients. A retrospective record-based analysis was administered on 3783 patients (<15 years of age) presenting with facial lacerations from March 2002 to February 2011. Males were injured more frequently across all age groups (65.3%) and especially in(More)
The aim of this study was to compare the suture tension and the extent of distortion according to the continuous and interrupted suture methods. An in vitro eyelid model of 10-cm length and 5 layers was made with a 3-layer skin pad for the skin, muscle, and aponeurosis and silicone sheet and sponge for the tarsal plate and conjunctiva. The thickness of the(More)
The aim of this study was to elucidate the muscle type of the preseptal, pretarsal, and ciliary parts of the orbicularis oculi muscle in humans using immunostaining. The eyelids of 5 Korean adult cadavers were used (3 male and 2 female cadavers; age range, 50-85 years). A 1:1000 mouse monoclonal anti-skeletal myosin antibody solution (fast, M4276; Sigma, St(More)
The aim of this study was to compare the width of the levator aponeurosis and tarsal plate in different levels grossly and histologically. Twelve eyelids of 6 Korean adult cadavers were used. Ten eyelids were dissected, and 2 were prepared for histologic study. Widths of the tarsal plate at its lower border, midheight, and upper border were 21.8 ± 1.8, 16.2(More)
The aim of this study was to elucidate the exact location of the mandibular branch of the facial nerve according to different neck positions. Twenty-two hemifaces of 11 fresh human cadavers were used (age range, 53-89 y; mean age, 72.3 ± 10.5 y; 8 men and 3 women). Working through skin windows, the distance from the mandibular border to the mandibular(More)
This study aimed to elucidate the anatomy of the abdominal head of the pectoralis major (AHPM) in relation to transaxillary breast augmentation (TBA). In 20 hemithoraxes of fresh Korean cadavers, the width, thickness, and location of the origin of the AHPM were measured in relation to the seventh rib-costal cartilage junction. A force gauge was used to(More)
The aim of this study was to elucidate the precise anatomic location and tension of the medial palpebral ligament (MPL). Eleven hemifaces of 10 fresh Korean adult cadavers were used in this study. Nine specimens were used for measurement of dissection and tension, and 2 were used for histologic study. Measurements of tensile strength of each part of the MPL(More)