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This paper proposes an efficient method to modify histograms and enhance contrast in digital images. Enhancement plays a significant role in digital image processing, computer vision, and pattern recognition. We present an automatic transformation technique that improves the brightness of dimmed images via the gamma correction and probability distribution(More)
In this investigation, microdialysis has been used to study the effects of 1-methyl-4-phenylpyridinium (MPP+), an inhibitor of mitochondrial complex I and alpha-ketoglutarate dehydrogenase and the active metabolite of the dopaminergic neurotoxin 1-methyl-4-phenyl-1,2,3,6-tetrahydropyridine (MPTP), on extracellular concentrations of glutathione (GSH) and(More)
A retrospective study of 100 proved cases of primary carcinoma of the gallbladder admitted to the University Surgical Unit, University of Hong Kong, over a 20-year period was undertaken. The female to male ratio was 1.4 to 1. The peak incidence was in the seventh decade for the females and the sixth decade for the males. Preoperative diagnosis was made in(More)
This paper proposes a new median filter using prior information to capture natural pixels for restoration. In addition to being very efficient in logic execution, the proposed filter restores corrupted images with 1–99% levels of salt-and-pepper impulse noise to satisfactory ones. Without any iteration for noise detection, it intuitively and simply(More)
BACKGROUND Clients of female sex workers (CFSWs) are at risk for HIV transmission; relevant surveillance and interventions for this vulnerable group are scarce. The China-UK HIV/AIDS Prevention and Care Project launched an enhanced intervention programme involving peer education, seminars, testing services and social gatherings and so forth, and two(More)
To characterize the pharmacokinetics of cefuroxime in rat blood and brain, microdialysis probes were inserted into the jugular vein and brain striatum, respectively. Cefuroxime (20 mg/kg, i.v.) was administered via the femoral vein. Blood microdialysates were automatic injected onto microbore liquid chromatography via an on-line injectors. The mobile phase(More)
BACKGROUND Previous studies have shown that serotonin plays an important role in hypertension because of its vasoconstrictive effect, mediated through serotonergic receptors. Angiotensin-II is a potent vasopressor which facilitates the aggregation of platelets, subsequently releases serotonin. Because quinapril is an angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitor(More)
One hundred and twenty patients with confirmed second degree haemorrhoids were randomly allocated to four treatment groups; injection, rubber band ligation, maximal anal dilatation, and haemorrhoidectomy. Each groups consisted of 30 patients. All patients were regularly followed up for at least one year. Assessment at one year showed that haemorrhoidectomy(More)