Fallyn W Campbell

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1. The contrast thresholds of a variety of grating patterns have been measured over a wide range of spatial frequencies.2. Contrast thresholds for the detection of gratings whose luminance profiles are sine, square, rectangular or saw-tooth waves can be simply related using Fourier theory.3. Over a wide range of spatial frequencies the contrast threshold of(More)
1. It was found that an occipital evoked potential can be elicited in the human by moving a grating pattern without changing the mean light flux entering the eye. Prolonged viewing of a high contrast grating reduces the amplitude of the potential evoked by a low contrast grating.2. This adaptation to a grating was studied psychophysically by determining the(More)
1. Optical quality of the eye was measured at eight pupil sizes between 1.5 and 6.6 mm diameter by recording the faint light emerging from the eye; this light was reflected from the bright image of a thin line on the fundus.2. The nature of the fundus reflexion was examined; it was found that the fundus acts very much like a perfect diffuser while retaining(More)
1. It is known that an object is less detectable when it is viewed against a background containing structures similar to the object. The effect of changing the orientation between the object and background is investigated.2. Gratings of variable contrast were generated on two oscilloscopes; these were superimposed optically. The angle of orientation between(More)
In this investigation contrast threshold measurements are compared with supra-threshold perception for a group of human amblyopes. The results indicate that human amblyopia involves, in some cases, not only loss of sensitivity but spatial distortion. Thus a new group of amblyopes can now be identified in which only distortion occurs. These results have(More)
1. Visual resolving power is known to be poorer for objects oriented obliquely as compared with horizontal and vertical orientations. Experiments were designed to evaluate the optical and neurophysiological factors involved.2. Gratings with a sinusoidal light distribution were generated on the face of an oscilloscope. Spatial frequency and contrast could be(More)