Falko Lange

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Signal transducer and activator of transcription (STAT) 1 is essentially involved in the mediation of antifibrotic interferon-gamma (IFN gamma) effects in pancreatic stellate cells (PSC). Here, we have further analysed the activation of the STAT1 pathway in a PSC line by combining quantitative data generation with mathematical modelling. At saturating(More)
Originally implicated in the regulation of survival, proliferation and differentiation of haematopoietic cells, the JAK-STAT pathway has also been linked to developmental processes, growth control and maintenance of homeostasis in a variety of other cells and tissues. Although it remains a complex system, its relative simplicity and the availability of(More)
BACKGROUND Interferon-gamma (IFNγ) is a multifunctional cytokine with antifibrotic and antiproliferative efficiency. We previously found that pancreatic stellate cells (PSC), the main effector cells in cancer-associated fibrosis, are targets of IFNγ action in the pancreas. Applying a combined experimental and computational approach, we have demonstrated a(More)
Low-passage cancer cell lines are versatile tools to study tumor cell biology. Here, we have employed four such cell lines, established from primary tumors of colorectal cancer (CRC) patients, to evaluate effects of the small molecule kinase inhibitors (SMI) vemurafenib, trametinib, perifosine, and regorafenib in an in vitro setting. The mutant BRAF(More)
The present work exemplifies how parameter identifiability analysis can be used to gain insights into differences in experimental systems and how uncertainty in parameter estimates can be handled. The case study, presented here, investigates interferon-gamma (IFNγ) induced STAT1 signalling in two cell types that play a key role in pancreatic cancer(More)
AIM To gain insights into the molecular action of erlotinib in pancreatic cancer (PC) cells. METHODS Two PC cell lines, BxPC-3 and Capan-1, were treated with various concentrations of erlotinib, the specific mitogen-activated protein kinase kinase (MEK) inhibitor U0126, and protein kinase B (AKT) inhibitor XIV. DNA synthesis was measured by(More)
AIM To study if three clinically available small molecule kinase inhibitors (SMI), erlotinib, sunitinib and sorafenib, exert antifibrogenic effects on pancreatic stellate cells (PSC) and analyze the basis of their action. METHODS Cultured rat PSC were exposed to SMI. Cell proliferation and viability were assessed employing 5-bromo-2'-deoxyuridine(More)
Galectin-1 (gal-1) triggers T cell death by several distinct intracellular pathways including the activation of the death-receptor pathway. The aim of this study was to investigate whether gal-1 induced activation of the death-receptor pathway in Jurkat T lymphocytes mediates apoptosis via the mitochondrial pathway linked by truncated Bid (tBid). We(More)
Reactive oxygen species (ROS) have been implicated in the pathogenesis of acute pancreatitis (AP) for many years but experimental evidence is still limited. Uncoupling protein 2 (UCP2)-deficient mice are an accepted model of age-related oxidative stress. Here, we have analysed how UCP2 deficiency affects the severity of experimental AP in young and older(More)
Large-scale, heteroplasmic and generally pathogenic mtDNA defects (as induced by defective mitochondrial DNA polymerase, clonal mutations or DNA deletions) are known to negatively impact on life span and can result in apoptosis and tissue loss in, e.g., skeletal muscle or reduce learning abilities. The functional impact of homoplasmic specific mtDNA point(More)