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The ultrastructural features and synaptic relationships of cholecystokinin (CCK)-immunoreactive cells of rat and cat hippocampus were studied using the unlabeled antibody immunoperoxidase technique and correlated light and electron microscopy. CCK-positive perikarya of variable shape and size were distributed in all layers and were particularly concentrated(More)
This paper re-examines a previously published segmental map of the frog diencephalon (Puelles et al. [1996] Brain Behav.Evol. 47:279-310) by means of immunocytochemical mapping of calretinin, calbindin, and tyrosine hydroxylase. The distribution of neuronal populations, axon tracts, and neuropils immunoreactive for these markers was studied in adult(More)
Bone graft material is often required for the treatment of osseous defects. However, due to limitations and risks associated with autologous as well as allogenic bone grafting procedures, alternative strategies are needed. In this context, ex vivo tissue engineering (TE) strategies for de novo generation of bone tissue include the combined use of autologous(More)
Dendritic spine density of pyramidal cells in region CA1 of the hippocampus has been evaluated in young (3 months), old (27 months) and old phosphatidylserine (BC-PS)-treated rats. BC-PS (50 mg/kg, suspended in tap water) was administered daily, starting at the age of 3 months until 27 months. Spine density was analyzed on Golgi-stained pyramidal neurons by(More)
Four groups of rats with a unilateral ibotenic acid lesion of the nucleus basalis were treated with saline, nerve growth factor (NGF) 10 micrograms administered intracerebroventricularly twice per week, sialoganglioside GM1 30 m/kg daily i.p. and NGF twice per week plus GM1 10 mg/kg i.p. daily, respectively, beginning immediately after lesioning. Twenty-one(More)
Three- and fifteen-month old rats with a unilateral ibotenic acid lesion of the nucleus basalis magnocellularis (NBM) were used. In 3-month old rats, 4 days after the lesion a 34 and 33% decrease in high affinity choline uptake (HACU) rate was found in the ipsilateral frontal and parietal cortices, respectively. Twenty-one days later the lesioned rats(More)
Slices from rat CA3 hippocampal area show a 30% decrement in ATPase activity after 35 min of 'in vitro' incubation. Such a drop is accompanied by an alteration of mitochondrial ultrastructure. However, if rats are treated daily with GM1 ganglioside (10 mg/kg during 3 days) both phenomena are fully prevented. These results would suggest a protective effect(More)
Dendritic spine density of CA1 pyramidal neurons in the hippocampus and morphometric characteristics of the cholinergic neuronal population of the septal complex, were evaluated in young (four months), aged (27 months), and age-matched rats which had received long-term phosphatidylserine (BC-PS) administration (50 mg/kg/die, suspended in the drinking(More)
Endogenous neurotrophic factors have been proposed to play an important role in degenerative diseases and aging. In aged rats, neurotrophic activity induced by partial lesion of nigro-striatal pathways seems to be lower compared to young rats when assayed in vitro on cultured mesencephalic dissociated neuronal cells. In parallel experiments, we could also(More)
The disposition of labelled [3H]GM1lactone, the inner ester of ganglioside GM1, was studied in the rat. After i.v. administration [3H]GM1lactone was quickly converted to its corresponding open form most likely by plasma esterases, and then displayed a pharmacokinetic profile identical to [3H]GM1. Following intramuscular administration of [3H]GM1lactone(More)
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