Falk F R Buettner

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Neuropilin-2 (NRP2) is well known as a co-receptor for class 3 semaphorins and vascular endothelial growth factors, involved in axon guidance and angiogenesis. Moreover, NRP2 was shown to promote chemotactic migration of human monocyte-derived dendritic cells (DCs) toward the chemokine CCL21, a function that relies on the presence of polysialic acid(More)
The epidermal growth factor repeats of the Notch receptor are extensively glycosylated with three different O-glycans. O-Fucosylation and elongation by the glycosyltransferase Fringe have been well studied and shown to be essential for proper Notch signaling. In contrast, biosynthesis of O-glucose and O-N-acetylglucosamine is less well understood. Recently,(More)
Bacteriophage phi92 is a large, lytic myovirus isolated in 1983 from pathogenic Escherichia coli strains that carry a polysialic acid capsule. Here we report the genome organization of phi92, the cryoelectron microscopy reconstruction of its virion, and the reinvestigation of its host specificity. The genome consists of a linear, double-stranded 148,612-bp(More)
The extracellular domain of Notch contains epidermal growth factor (EGF) repeats that are extensively modified with different O-linked glycans. O-Fucosylation is essential for receptor function, and elongation with N-acetylglucosamine, catalyzed by members of the Fringe family, modulates Notch activity. Only recently, genes encoding enzymes involved in the(More)
Among the different types of protein glycosylation, C-mannosylation of tryptophan residues stands out because of the unique linkage formed between sugar and protein. Instead of the typical O- or N-glycosidic linkage, a C-C bond is used for attachment of a single mannose. C-mannose is characteristically found in thrombospondin type 1 repeats and in the WSXWS(More)
Sialic acids, terminal sugars of glycoproteins and glycolipids, play important roles in development, cellular recognition processes and host-pathogen interactions. A common modification of sialic acids is 9-O-acetylation, which has been implicated in sialoglycan recognition, ganglioside biology, and the survival and drug resistance of acute lymphoblastic(More)
Glycosylphosphatidylinositol (GPI) attaches a variety of eukaryotic proteins to the outer leaflet of the plasma membrane. In fungi, these proteins may also be transferred to the cell wall, to which they are covalently linked via a remnant of the GPI-anchor. They play crucial physiological roles in cell-cell interactions, adhesion or cell wall biogenesis.(More)
LARGE (like-glycosyltransferase) and LARGE2 (glycosyltransferase-like 1B (GYLTL1B)) are homologous Golgi glycosyltransferases possessing two catalytic domains with homology to members of glycosyltransferase families GT8 and GT49. Mutations in human and mouse Large result in muscular dystrophy due to underglycosylation of dystroglycan. The systemic function(More)
Microglia are tissue macrophages and mediators of innate immune responses in the brain. The protein-modifying glycan polysialic acid (polySia) is implicated in modulating microglia activity. Cultured murine microglia maintain a pool of Golgi-confined polySia, which is depleted in response to lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced activation. Polysialylated(More)
The Notch signaling pathway controls a large number of processes during animal development and adult homeostasis. One of the conserved post-translational modifications of the Notch receptors is the addition of an O-linked glucose to epidermal growth factor-like (EGF) repeats with a C-X-S-X-(P/A)-C motif by Protein O-glucosyltransferase 1 (POGLUT1; Rumi in(More)