Fajun Chen

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Nicotinic acetylcholine (ACh) receptors (nAChRs) are ligand-gated ion channels which mediate fast cholinergic synaptic transmission in insect and vertebrate nervous systems. The nAChR agonist-binding site is present at the interface of adjacent subunits and is formed by loops A-C present in alpha subunits together with loops D-F present in either non-alpha(More)
Eighty-seven isolates of Colletotrichum graminicola, mostly from Agrostis palustris, were collected in grass fields, most of which were in Ontario, Canada. Specific primers were designed to amplify the mating-type (MAT) genes and, among 35 isolates tested, all yielded a band of the expected size for MAT2. For six isolates, the MAT2 PCR products were(More)
This paper studies the distributed caching managements for the current flourish of the streaming applications in multihop wireless networks. Many caching managements to date use randomized network coding approach, which provides an elegant solution for ubiquitous data accesses in such systems. However, the encoding, essentially a combination operation,(More)
Transgenic rice expressing Bacillus thuringiensis (Bt) endotoxins (Bt rice) for pest control is considered an important solution to food security in China. However, tests for potential effects on non-target soil organisms are required for environmental risk assessment. The soil collembolan Folsomia candida L. (Collembola: Isotomidae) is a potential(More)
Virus-vector relationships can be complex and diverse as a result of long-term coevolution. Understanding these interactions is crucial for disease and vector management. Rice stripe virus (RSV) is known to be transovarially transmitted within its vector, Laodelphax striatellus, and causes serious rice stripe disease. In RSV-infected L. striatellus, we(More)
Portions of the mating type genes from Ophiosphaerella korrae (a pathogenic fungus of grasses, were examined by PCR (polymer-ase chain reaction). For nine isolates of O. korrae from North America, both mating type genes were amplified, demonstrating that both MAT idiomorphs are detectable in this homothallic ascomycete. Amplified fragments from three(More)
Although there are considerable reports of magnetic field effects (MFE) on organisms, very little is known so far about the MFE-related signal transduction pathways. Here we establish a manipulative near-zero magnetic field (NZMF) to investigate the potential signal transduction pathways involved in MFE. We show that exposure of migratory white-backed(More)
—Existing routing protocols for Wireless Mesh Networks (WMNs) are generally optimized with statistical link measures, while not addressing on the intrinsic uncertainty of wireless links. We show evidence that, with the transient link uncertainties at PHY and MAC layers, a pseudo-deterministic routing protocol that relies on average or historic statistics(More)
The importance of aboveground herbivores for modifying belowground ecosystems has prompted numerous studies; however, studies can be biased by context dependent conditions which lead to extremely inconsistent results. So far, the impacts of herbivory intensity by important rice pests on rice paddy soil ecosystems are lacking. The aim of this study was to(More)
The choice of features or attributes used to represent patterns in the synthesis of pattern classiiers using machine learning algorithms has a strong impact on the accuracy of the classiier, the number of examples needed to attain a given classiication accuracy on test data, the cost of classiication, and the com-prehensibility of the learned classiier.(More)