Faiyaz Ahmad

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Resveratrol, a polyphenol in red wine, has been reported as a calorie restriction mimetic with potential antiaging and antidiabetogenic properties. It is widely consumed as a nutritional supplement, but its mechanism of action remains a mystery. Here, we report that the metabolic effects of resveratrol result from competitive inhibition of cAMP-degrading(More)
Tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha) stimulates lipolysis in human adipocytes. However, the mechanisms regulating this process are largely unknown. We demonstrate that TNF-alpha increases lipolysis in differentiated human adipocytes by activation of mitogen-activated protein kinase kinase (MEK), extracellular signal-related kinase (ERK), and elevation of(More)
Cyclic nucleotide phosphodiesterases (PDEs) catalyse the hydrolysis of cyclic AMP and cyclic GMP, thereby regulating the intracellular concentrations of these cyclic nucleotides, their signalling pathways and, consequently, myriad biological responses in health and disease. Currently, a small number of PDE inhibitors are used clinically for treating the(More)
Protein-tyrosine phosphatases (PTPases) have been implicated in the physiological regulation of the insulin signalling pathway. In cellular and molecular studies, the transmembrane, receptor-type PTPase LAR and the intracellular, non-receptor enzyme PTP1B have been shown to have a direct impact on insulin action in intact cell models. Since insulin(More)
PDE3A cyclic nucleotide phosphodiesterases regulate cAMP- and cGMP-mediated intracellular signaling in cardiac myocytes. We used antibodies to different regions of PDE3A to demonstrate the presence of three PDE3A isoforms in these cells. These isoforms, whose apparent molecular weights are 136,000, 118,000, and 94,000 ("PDE3A-136," "PDE3A-118," and(More)
Cyclic nucleotide phosphodiesterases (PDEs) are enzymes that have the unique function of terminating cyclic nucleotide signaling by catalyzing the hydrolysis of cAMP and GMP. They are critical regulators of the intracellular concentrations of cAMP and cGMP as well as of their signaling pathways and downstream biological effects. PDEs have been exploited(More)
Cyclic nucleotide phosphodiesterase 3B (PDE3B) has been suggested to be critical for mediating insulin/IGF-1 inhibition of cAMP signaling in adipocytes, liver, and pancreatic beta cells. In Pde3b-KO adipocytes we found decreased adipocyte size, unchanged insulin-stimulated phosphorylation of protein kinase B and activation of glucose uptake, enhanced(More)
Three isoforms of PDE3 (cGMP-inhibited) cyclic nucleotide phosphodiesterase regulate cAMP content in different intracellular compartments of cardiac myocytes in response to different signals. We characterized the catalytic activity and inhibitor sensitivity of these isoforms by using recombinant proteins. We determined their contribution to cAMP hydrolysis(More)
RATIONALE cAMP is an important regulator of myocardial function, and regulation of cAMP hydrolysis by cyclic nucleotide phosphodiesterases (PDEs) is a critical determinant of the amplitude, duration, and compartmentation of cAMP-mediated signaling. The role of different PDE isozymes, particularly PDE3A vs PDE3B, in the regulation of heart function remains(More)
The superfamily of cyclic nucleotide phosphodiesterases is comprised of 11 gene families. By hydrolyzing cAMP and cGMP, PDEs are major determinants in the regulation of intracellular concentrations of cyclic nucleotides and cyclic nucleotide-dependent signaling pathways. Two PDE3 subfamilies, PDE3A and PDE3B, have been described. PDE3A and PDE3B hydrolyze(More)