Faith M Harris

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Apolipoprotein (apo) E4 increases the risk and accelerates the onset of Alzheimer's disease (AD). However, the underlying mechanisms remain to be determined. We previously found that apoE undergoes proteolytic cleavage in AD brains and in cultured neuronal cells, resulting in the accumulation of carboxyl-terminal-truncated fragments of apoE that are(More)
Apolipoprotein E (apoE) is found in amyloid plaques and neurofibrillary tangles (NFTs) in Alzheimer's disease (AD) brains, but its role in their pathogenesis is unclear. Previously, we found C-terminal-truncated fragments of apoE in AD brains and showed that such fragments can cause neurodegeneration and can induce NFT-like inclusions in cultured neuronal(More)
Laurdan is a fluorescent probe that detects changes in membrane phase properties through its sensitivity to the polarity of its environment in the bilayer. Variations in membrane water content cause shifts in the laurdan emission spectrum, which are quantified by calculating the generalized polarization (GP). We tested whether laurdan fluorescence could be(More)
OBJECTIVE To compare the degree of bacterial circuit colonization, frequency of ventilator-associated pneumonia (VAP), character of respiratory secretions, rewarming of hypothermic patients, disposable costs, and air flow resistance in intensive care patients ventilated using either a heat and moisture exchanger (HME) or hot water (HW) humidifier circuit.(More)
Exposure of human erythrocytes to the calcium ionophore ionomycin rendered them susceptible to the action of secretory phospholipase A(2) (sPLA(2)). Analysis of erythrocyte phospholipid metabolism by thin-layer chromatography revealed significant hydrolysis of both phosphatidylcholine and phosphatidylethanolamine during incubation with ionomycin and(More)
Although apolipoprotein (apo) E is synthesized in the brain primarily by astrocytes, neurons in the central nervous system express apoE, albeit at lower levels than astrocytes, in response to various physiological and pathological conditions, including excitotoxic stress. To investigate how apoE expression is regulated in neurons, we transfected Neuro-2a(More)
The plastid genome is transcribed by two distinct RNA polymerases, the PEP encoded by the plastid genome and the NEP encoded in the nucleus. Initial models of plastid transcription held that the NEP is responsible for the transcription of housekeeping genes needed early in development, and that the PEP transcribes genes required for photosynthesis.(More)
Although apolipoprotein (apo) E4 is present in amyloid plaques and neurofibrillary tangles, its pathogenic role in Alzheimer's disease (AD) is unclear. Neuronal expression of apoE4 or apoE4 fragments in transgenic mice increases tau phosphorylation. To identify the kinase responsible for the increase, we studied transgenic mice expressing human apoE3 or(More)
Artificial membranes may be resistant or susceptible to catalytic attack by secretory phospholipase A(2) (sPLA(2)) depending on the physical properties of the membrane. Living cells are normally resistant but become susceptible during trauma, apoptosis, and/or a significant elevation of intracellular calcium. Intact erythrocytes and ghosts were studied to(More)
Steroidogenic acute regulatory protein (StAR) mediates cholesterol transport from the outer to the inner mitochondrial membrane during steroid biosynthesis. The mechanism of StAR's action is not established. To address mechanistic issues, we assessed the binding of StAR to artificial membranes by fluorescence resonance energy transfer using endogenous StAR(More)