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Drug-eluting stents for coronary artery disease results in inhibition of smooth muscle cell (SMC) and endothelial cells which may increase the risk of stent thrombosis. In this study, we attempted to enhance re-endothelialization of deployed stents while simultaneously inhibiting intimal hyperplasia by overexpression of endothelial nitric oxide synthase(More)
Gene-eluting stents are being evaluated in animals as an alternative approach to inhibiting in-stent restenosis. Adeno-associated virus type 2 (AAV2) and adenovirus are commonly used for gene transfer applications. We tested the hypothesis that these vectors can achieve prolonged and localized gene delivery to the vessel wall, using stents as delivery(More)
Although successful, drug-eluting stents require significant periods of dual anti-platelet therapy with a persistent risk of late stent thrombosis due to inhibition of re-endothelialization. Endothelial regeneration is desirable to protect against in-stent thrombosis. Gene-eluting stents may be an alternative allowing inhibition of neointima and(More)
AIMS To evaluate the long-term follow-up of drug-eluting stents (DES) in the treatment of unprotected left main coronary artery (ULMCA). METHODS AND RESULTS One hundred and forty-eight patients (mean age 71 +/- 10 years) with ULMCA stenoses underwent percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) with DES. Mean ejection fraction (EF) was 63 +/- 13% and distal(More)
OBJECTIVES The main objective of this study is to determine the correlation between fractional flow reserve (FFR)- and frequency domain optical coherence tomography (FD-OCT)-measured lumen parameters, and to determine the diagnostic competence of FD-OCT concerning the identification of severe coronary stenosis. METHODS A total of 41 coronary stenoses in(More)
OBJECTIVE Many vascular diseases are associated with reduced nitric oxide (NO) bioavailability. Nitric oxide synthase (NOS) gene therapy to the vasculature is a possible treatment for vascular disease as a means of increasing NO bioavailability, and this may be achieved using any of the NOS isoforms. The aim of our study was to compare the effects of(More)
Parastomal varices are known complication of stoma creation in patients with portal hypertension. Similar to esophageal and gastric varices, bleeding can occur and can lead to hepatic decompensation and even death. Diagnosis of parastomal bleeding may be delayed if not suspected. Established treatment for bleeding parastomal varices includes transjugular(More)
BACKGROUND DES is superior to BMS in reducing restenosis and repeat revascularization. Available data are less convincing in small vessel disease. Aim of our study is to assess long-term clinical outcome of drug-eluting stents (DES) vs. bare-metal stents (BMS) in small coronary vessel disease. METHODS Procedural and long-term clinical outcomes were(More)
Vascular occlusion can result in fatal myocardial infarction, stroke or loss of limb in peripheral arterial disease. Interventional balloon angioplasty is a common first line procedure for vascular disease treatment, but long term success is limited by restenosis and neointimal hyperplasia. Cellular therapies have been proposed to mitigate these issues;(More)
Significant progress has been made in the field of cardiovascular gene therapy over the past decade. Animal models of human disease have helped in identifying potential therapeutic genes and have also assisted in the evaluation of an ideal vector. A number of percutaneous catheter systems have been used in animal models with limited success. Stents(More)