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A heterogeneous wireless network is characterized by the presence of different wireless access technologies that coexist in an overlay fashion. These wireless access technologies usually differ in terms of their operating parameters. On the other hand, Mobile Stations (MSs) in a heterogeneous wireless network are equipped with multiple interfaces to access(More)
Keywords: WLAN WMAN WWAN Network access selection Vertical handoff Heterogeneous networks FVIKOR a b s t r a c t In a highly integrated ubiquitous wireless environment, the selection of a network that can fulfill end-users' service requests while keeping their overall satisfaction at a high level, is vital. The wrong selection can lead to undesirable(More)
—Even though different wireless Network Access Technologies (NAT) with different specifications and applications have been developed, no single wireless technology can satisfy the anytime, anywhere, and any service wireless access needs of mobile users. A real seamless mobile environment is only realized by considering vertical and horizontal handoffs(More)
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