Faisal Alfouzan

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Underwater Sensor Network (UWSN) is significantly different from terrestrial network in that acoustic signal is mainly used as the communication medium. The acoustic signal imposes high bit error rate, limited bandwidth and long propagation delay which, to some extent, influences the design of various services in UWSNs. MAC protocol, however, is one of the(More)
Underwater Sensor Networks (UWSN) utilise acoustic waves with comparatively lower loss and longer range in underwater environment than electromagnetic waves. However, energy remains a challenging issue in addition to long latency, high bit error rate, and limited bandwidth. Thus, collision and retransmission should be efficiently handled at MAC layer in(More)
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