Faisal Ababneh

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MOTIVATION Most phylogenetic methods assume that the sequences of nucleotides or amino acids have evolved under stationary, reversible and homogeneous conditions. When these assumptions are violated by the data, there is an increased probability of errors in the phylogenetic estimates. Methods to examine aligned sequences for these violations are available,(More)
The DNA consists of a sequences of bases A,C,G, and T, we will label the four bases by 1,2,3 and 4 respectively. Let Consider the case when we have two sequences, suppose that we have two independent sequences of nucleotide having the same base length , and derived from a common ancestor by independent mutation for each site, each described by a Markov(More)
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